PHILIPPIANS 1:1 … Paul
and Timotheus, the servants of Jesus Christ, to all the saints in
Christ Jesus which are at Philippi, with the bishops and deacons:
1611 KJV TEXT
and Timotheus the seruants of Iesus Christ, to all the Saints in Christ
Iesus, which are at Philippi, with the Bishops and Deacons:
PROS FILIPPHSIOUS 1:1 παυλος και τιμοθεος δουλοι ιησου χριστου πασιν τοις αγιοις εν χριστω ιησου τοις ουσιν εν φιλιπποις συν επισκοποις και διακονοις
paV/pas: to all
ousia/ousia: which are
TIMOTHEOUS/TIMOTHY: The name Timotheus, or Timothy, means honored of god, worshiping god or valued of god. Timothy was a young man of Lystra and son of Eunice, a Jewess, by a Greek father who was probably dead when Paul first visited the home in Acts 16:1.
In the Bible, Timothy was “THE MAN WHO PROFESSED A GOOD PROFESSION”
 But thou, O man of God, flee these things; and follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, meekness.
 Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, whereunto thou art also called, and hast PROFESSED A GOOD PROFESSION before many witnesses.
I give thee charge in the sight of God, who quickeneth all things, and
before Christ Jesus, who before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good
 That thou keep this commandment without spot, unrebukeable, until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ:
 Which in his times he shall shew, who is the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of lords;
Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can
approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and
power everlasting. Amen.
Paul contributes a full portrait of his spiritual son, many years his
junior, let us string together the salient features of Timothy.
Timothy was the child of godly heritage II Timothy 1:5.).
His mother was a Christian Jewess and the daughter of another devout
Jewess, Lois. His Greek father’s name is unknown. It may be that Eunice
became a Christian when Paul visited Lystra, a town not far from Paul’s
birthplace in Tarsus.
Timothy was a youthful reader of Scripture II Timothy 3:15. From a “babe” he had gained knowledge of the Truth. How blessed children are if cradled in the things of God!
Timothy was Paul’s child in the faith I Corinthians 4:17; I Timothy 1:2 & II Timothy 1:2. Probably
Paul, a visitor of Timothy’s house, led the young lad to Christ during
his ministry in Iconium and Lystra since he refers to his persecutions
there, which Timothy himself knew about II Timothy 3:10-11. One writer suggests that when Paul recovered from his stoning at Lystra it was in Timothy’s home he found shelter and succor.
Timothy was ordained as a minister of the Gospel I Timothy 4:14 & II Timothy 1:6-7. Conscious of Timothy’s unique gifts, especially of evangelism in Romans 16:21 & II Timothy 4:5, it
was fitting that Paul should choose him as a companion and
fellow-worker. Faithfully he served Paul “as a son with his father,” in
the furtherance of the Gospel in Philippians 2:22. How indispensable Timothy became to the apostle in Acts 17:14-15; 18:5 & 20:4. Paul had no other companion so “like-minded” as Timothy, who enjoyed Paul’s constant instruction II Timothy 2:3 & 3:14.
an ambassador charged with difficult tasks. The responsible and
delicate mission of restoring a backsliding church required both gift
and grace in I Corinthians 14:17, as did the comfort of believers in the midst of tribulation I Thessalonians 3:2.
Timothy was co-sufferer with Paul in the afflictions of the Gospel II Timothy 1:8. Tradition
says that Timothy died as a martyr for his faithfulness as a bishop in
the reign of Domitian or Nerva. While attempting to stop an indecent
heathen procession during the Festival of Diana, this God-honoring
minister sealed his testimony with his blood. The two epistles Paul
addressed to Timothy are rich in their pastoral counsel.
SERVANT: A servant is a true born again believer who is separated from the world and consecrated to God; one holy by profession and by covenant; a believer in Christ Psalms 16:3; Romans 1:7; 8:27; Philippians 1:1 & Hebrews 6:10.
The "saints" spoken of in Jude 1:14 are probably not the disciples of Christ, but the "innumerable company of angels." Deuteronomy 22:3; Psalms 68:17 &Hebrews 12:22.
This word is also used of the holy dead Matthew 27:52 & Revelation 18:24. It
was not used as a distinctive title of the apostles and evangelists and
of a "spiritual nobility" till the fourth century. In that sense it is
not a scriptural title.
PHILIPPI: Philippi is formerly Crenides, "the fountain," the capital of the province of Macedonia. It stood near the head of the
about 8 miles north-west of Kavalla. It is now a ruined village, called
Philibedjik. Philip of Macedonia fortified the old Thracian town of
Crenides, and called it after his own name Philippi B.C. 359-336. In the
time of the Emperor Augustus this city became a Roman colony, i.e., a
military settlement of Roman soldiers, there planted for the purpose of
controlling the district recently conquered. It was a "miniature Rome,"
under the municipal law of Rome, and governed by military officers,
called duumviri, who were appointed directly from Rome. Having been
providentially guided thither, here Paul and his companion Silas
preached the gospel and formed the first church in Europe. This success
stirred up the enmity of the people, and they were "shamefully
entreated" Acts 16:9-10 & I Thessalonians 2:2. Paul and Silas at length left this city and proceeded to Amphipolis.
Philip the tetrarch, the son of Herod, succeeded to the government of
the northern portion of his kingdom, he enlarged the city of Paneas, and
called it Caesarea, in honour of the emperor. But in order to
distinguish it from the Caesarea on the sea coast, he added to it
subsequently his own name, and called it Caesarea-Philippi.
BISHOP: A Bishop is an
overseer. In apostolic times, it is quite manifest that there was no
difference as to order between bishops and elders or presbyters Acts 20:17-28; I Peter 4:1-2; Philippians 1:1 & I Timothy 3. The
term bishop is never once used to denote a different office from that
of elder or presbyter. These different names are simply titles of the
same office, "bishop" designating the function, namely, that of
oversight, and "presbyter" the dignity appertaining to the office.
Christ is figuratively called "the bishop [episcopos] of souls" I Peter 2:25.
The word Bishop originally
signified an "overseer" or spiritual superintendent. The titles bishop
and elder, or presbyter, were essentially equivalent. Bishop is from the
Greek, and denotes one who exercises the function of overseeing.
Presbyter was derived from the office in the synagogue. Of the order in
which the first elders or bishops were appointed, as of the occasion
which led to the institution of the office, we have no record.
form of the Greek word diaconos, meaning a "runner," "messenger,"
"servant." For a long period a feeling of mutual jealousy had existed
between the "Hebrews," or Jews proper, who spoke the sacred language of
palestine, and the "Hellenists," or Jews of the Grecian speech, who had
adopted the Grecian language, and read the Septuagint version of the
Bible instead of the Hebrew. This jealousy early appeared in the
Christian community. It was alleged by the Hellenists that their widows
were overlooked in the daily distribution of alms. This spirit must be
checked. The apostles accordingly advised the disciples to look out for
seven men of good report, full of the Holy Ghost, and men of practical
wisdom, who should take entire charge of this distribution, leaving them
free to devote themselves entirely to the spiritual functions of their
office Acts 6:1-6. This
was accordingly done. Seven men were chosen, who appear from their
names to have been Hellenists. The name "deacon" is nowhere applied to
them in the New Testament; they are simply called "the seven" Acts 21:8. Their
office was at first secular, but it afterwards became also spiritual;
for among other qualifications they must also be "apt to teach" I Timothy 3:8-12. Both Philip and Stephen, who were of "the seven," preached; they did "the work of evangelists."