The Clear Word 

A Ministry Of Mid-State Bible Fellowship 




[1] Take heed that ye do not your alms before men, to be seen of them: otherwise ye have no reward of your Father which is in heaven.
ALMS: Alms is not found in the Old Testament, but repeatedly in the New. The Mosaic legislation Leviticus 25:35 & Deuteronomy 15:7,  tended to promote a spirit of charity and to prevent the occurrence of destitution among the people. Such passages as these, Psalms 41:1; 112:9; Proverbs 14:31; Isaiah 10:2; Amos 2:7; Jeremiah 5:28 & Ezekiel 22:29,  would also naturally foster the same benevolent spirit.

In the time of our Lord begging was common Mark 10:46 & Acts 3:2. The Pharisees were very ostentatious in their alms Matthew 6:2.  The spirit by which the Christian ought to be actuated in this duty is set forth in I John 3:17.  A regard to the state of the poor and needy is enjoined as a Christian duty Matthew 6:1; Luke 3:11; 6:30; Acts 9:36 & 10:2-4, a duty which was not neglected by the early Christians Luke 14:13; Acts 20:35; Romans 15:25-27; I Corinthians 16:1-4 & Galatians 2:10. They cared not only for the poor among themselves, but contributed also to the necessities of those at a distance Acts 11:29; 24:17 & II Corinthians 9:12. Our Lord and his attendants showed an example also in this John 13:29.  


[2] Therefore when thou doest thine alms, do not sound a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may have glory of men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward.
Jesus is teaching, that at the time in which you are going to submit you tithes, offerings and gifts, to keep it secret.
Here the religiosity are the hypocrites.  They would enter into the synagogue just as the brass marching band was entering.  This would draw attention to themselves.  At the same time, you could see a sack of money in the hand of the hypocrite who was entering the synagogue at the same time as the brass band. 
They would do this, so that they could have a reputation of being so pious.  They would do this so that as people would gather to converse, they would discuss how holy and pious this person is. 
Jesus said this person has their reward.  Their reward being, having people at large talking about how holy and pious the hypocrite is. 


[3] But when thou doest alms, let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doeth:
In this narrative, Jesus is not calling for how much to give but to how to give it. 
Not letting your left hand know what your right hand is doing, Ths is where Jesus is instructing us not to verbally discuss your tithes and offerings. 
Jesus is instructing us that when we are ready to submit our tithes, offerings and gifts to God's work, we do not discuss it.
This would also be especially true in the practical hands on work which we do for Christ.  We do the things we do for Jesus.  Not the Pastor, not for the Church, nor for the Church Board.  We do this for Jesus.  And if what we do is done in the proper heart and spirit, then be patient, and let Jesus reward us.


[4] That thine alms may be in secret: and thy Father which seeth in secret himself shall reward thee openly.
In Jewish antiquity,  inside the Synagogue is an area known as the "CHAMBER of SECRETS."  Inside this "CHAMBER of SECRETS ,"  is where one was to place their tithes, offerings and gifts and do so in secret.  Then the poor could receive special help when necessary in secret as well.
Here we also have a promise from Jesus.  That being, that wen one gives their tithes, offerings and gifts in secret as per the directives of God the Father, then this same identical God the Father will reward that person openly for all the world to see. 
Galatians 7:7-9...Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap.  [8] For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting.  [9] And let us not be weary in well doing: for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not.


[5] And when thou prayest, thou shalt not be as the hypocrites are: for they love to pray standing in the synagogues and in the corners of the streets, that they may be seen of men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward.
It is quite customary for Jewish men to wear a talit/prayer shawl.  It is a blue and white cloth worn over the clothes of the Jewish man.  On the end of the shawl are fringes with six hundred and thirteen knots.  One knot for each of the six hundred and thirteen commandments of the Bible.
It is customary that when the Jewish man is praying, that he have his head down and the shawl pulled up over his head.  At this time, he has entered what is known as...the prayer closet.  He will pray in silence and in secret.  God will reward him openly. 
Then there are the hypocrites.  They will stand on the busiest corner of the market place and scream over so loudly their so called...prayers to God.  They really are not praying.  These are just manufactured prayers from a manufactured intent.  Nothing more nothing less.
The hypocrites do this to be seen of man not God.  They want to put on their little religious show to make the world at large think that they are so holy and so pious.  That was their intent and according to Jesus they made it.  They got their reward which is to say, that got what they came after. 
The hypocrites are far more satisfied with the applause of men, then the approval of the Heavenly Father. 
If you have to tell someone that you are something, odds are, you are not.
Galatians 6:3...For if a man think himself to be something, when he is nothing, he deceiveth himself.


[6] But thou, when thou prayest, enter into thy closet, and when thou hast shut thy door, pray to thy Father which is in secret; and thy Father which seeth in secret shall reward thee openly.
Look at how Jesus begins this verse.  He starts off with "But thou."  Jesus is being very directive in this verse.  What he is about to speak is not up for debate.  His hearers will listen.  His hearers will obey.
Jesus does not say IF you pray but he says WHEN you pray.  Jesus automatically expects His born again believers to have a very deep and productive prayer life.
Jesus wants all born again believers to have a prayer life.  They are either go up under their prayer shawl or go to that secluded place of your choosing and there, shut the door and pray.
Mark 4:22...For there is nothing hid, which shall not be manifested; neither was any thing kept secret, but that it should come abroad.
This is far different than the hypocrites who want to stand on the street corner and scream up to Heaven.
Luke 8:17...For nothing is secret, that shall not be made manifest; neither any thing hid, that shall not be known and come abroad.
And the promise is, that when you pray in secret, when God is ready, and He feels that the praying born again believer is ready, God will reward them openly. 
John 7:10...But when his brethren were gone up, then went he also up unto the feast, not openly, but as it were in secret.


[7] But when ye pray, use not vain repetitions, as the heathen do: for they think that they shall be heard for their much speaking.
Here Jesus could possibly be speaking of the encounter between Ahab and Elijah in I Kings 18.  Here, there is a contest between Ahab, the prophets of Baal and Elijah, representing the God of Heaven, to see whose God is really real.  The contest was to put a bull on the alter and see whose god answers by fire. 
Please notice in I Kings 18:25-29, the way in which the prophets of Baal are acting and praying.  This could very well what Jesus is talking about.

I Kings 18:25-29...And Elijah said unto the prophets of Baal, Choose you one bullock for yourselves, and dress it first; for ye are many; and call on the name of your gods, but put no fire under. [26] And they took the bullock which was given them, and they dressed it, and called on the name of Baal from morning even until noon, saying, O Baal, hear us. But there was no voice, nor any that answered. And they leaped upon the altar which was made.  [27] And it came to pass at noon, that Elijah mocked them, and said, Cry aloud: for he is a god; either he is talking, or he is pursuing, or he is in a journey, or peradventure he sleepeth, and must be awaked. [28] And they cried aloud, and cut themselves after their manner with knives and lancets, till the blood gushed out upon them. [29] And it came to pass, when midday was past, and they prophesied until the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice, that there was neither voice, nor any to answer, nor any that regarded.
The followers of Jesus Christ are above this behavior.  And they are to conduct themselves accordingly.


[8] Be not ye therefore like unto them: for your Father knoweth what things ye have need of, before ye ask him.

Jesus is telling His hearers that we who are saved, born again, men and women of faith, will not conduct ourselves as described in verse 7. 
We who are saved, born again, men and women of faith, have a Heavenly Father who is aware of our needs and petitions before we even ask for it.  It is the hypocrites and the heathens who have to make a prayer spectacle of themselves when they pray. 
We go into our prayer closets and the Heavenly Father rewards us openly.


[9] After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name.

The model prayer has a total of twenty three different considerations:
 1.  Relationship: Our Father
 2.  Recognition: which art in Heaven
 3. Adoration: Hallowed be thy name
 4. Anticipation: Thy kingdom come
 5.  Consecration: Thy will be done
 6.  Universality: in earth
 7.  Conformity: as it is in Heaven
 8.  Supplication: Give us
 9.  Definiteness: this day
10.  Necessity: our daily bread
11.  Penitence: And forgive us
12.  Obligation: our debts
13.  Forgiveness: as we forgive
14.  Love & Mercy: our debtors
15.  Guidance: And lead us
16.  Protection: not into temptation
17.  Salvation: but deliver us
18.  Righteousness: from evil
19.  Faith: For thine is the kingdom
20.  Humility: and the power
21.  Reverence: and the glory
22.  Timelessness: for ever
23.  Affirmation: Amen

The first three petitions of the prayer make seven points concerning God the Father.  The last four petitions make sixteen points concerning man.  Finis Jennings Dake
Luke 11:2...And he said unto them, When ye pray, say, Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, as in heaven, so in earth.
In the Model Prayer, the idea is that not only is God worshiped, but His Holy name as well.  The Model Prayer is al about worshiping God and His name. 
Luke 11:9...And I say unto you, Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you.
The logical subject of sanctifying is God alone and not man.  This may be seen by comparison with the petitions which follow.    God's name is  hallowed by men as His Kingdom comes or His will is done.  His name is His person which is Holy in itself and is to be revealed in its Holiness.  In Eschatology, the revelation takes place in the last judgment and historically in,  though no t by, believers.  God's deity is revealed to man in the mystery of worship.  This is when man will sanctify God. 
Isaiah 6:3...And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is the LORD of hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory.
The day will come when God's Holy name will no longer be desecrated by sin.

Ezekiel 20:41...I will accept you with your sweet savour, when I bring you out from the people, and gather you out of the countries wherein ye have been scattered; and I will be sanctified in you before the heathen.
In the model prayer, Heaven is mentioned in the singular.
Jesus refers to the name of the Father as hallowed.  This has to do with divinity at it's highest.  Hallowed would mean that this is the highest of reverential respect and honor.  Meaning, that even the name of God is holy and is to be treated with the utmost respect.
Romans 8:26-27...Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.  [27] And he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the saints according to the will of God.
Prayer is not made so that God can find out what we need, because Jesus tells us, Matthew 6:8,  that the Father knows what we need before we even ask of Him.  God wants us to pray because prayer expresses our trust in God and is a means whereby our trust in him can increase.  The primary emphasis of the Bible's teaching on prayer is that we are to pray with faith.  This means trust or dependence on God.  God as our Creator, delights in being trusted by us His creatures.  It is an attitude of dependence that is most appropriate to the Creator/creature relationship. 
This would mean that the first words of the model prayer, "Our Father which art Heaven," acknowledge our dependence on God as a loving and wise Heavenly Father and also recognize that He rules over all creation from His throne in Heaven. 
Malachi 1:11...For from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same my name shall be great among the Gentiles; and in every place incense shall be offered unto my name, and a pure offering: for my name shall be great among the heathen, saith the LORD of hosts.
The Aramaic word for Father is ABBA.  It suggest a familiar relationship which is based on respect and obedience when used by sons and daughters.  HOLLOWED suggest that the person to whom this word is ascribed is one of divine holiness. 
Isaiah 63:16...Doubtless thou art our father, though Abraham be ignorant of us, and Israel acknowledge us not: thou, O LORD, art our father, our redeemer;  thy name is from everlasting.
Isaiah 64:8...But now, O LORD, thou art our father; we are the clay, and thou our potter; and we all are the work of thy hand.

In the Bible, a person's name is a description of his/her character.  In a broad sense, God's name is equal to all that the Bible and creation tell us about God.  When we pray, "Hallowed be your name," as part of the Model Prayer, we are praying that people would speak about God in a way that is honoring to Him and that accurately reflects His character.  This honoring of God's name can be done with actions as well as words.  Our actions reflect the character of the Creator whom we serve.  To honor God's name is therefore to honor Him.  The command, "You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain," is a command that we not dishonor God's reputation either by words that speak of Him n a foolish or misleading way.  Nor by actions that do not reflect His true character.


[10] Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven.

Kingdom has to do with one who has imperialistic, or in this case, divine, authority over a person or a region.
The example which Jesus is giving to us, is that of surrender.  It is us, who are believers, surrendering to the authority of God the Father over each of our lives who are men and women of faith.
We are surrendering to God the Father to reign over our lives here on earth like He would if we were in Heaven.


[11] Give us this day our daily bread.

Though this verse is speaking of physical food, it can also include all daily needs of all daily lives.  Jesus is also warning of worries that have not yet arrived for days yet to come.  By asking Jesus to help us focus on the needs of this day.  The wording of this Model Prayer is to squelch any anxiety which we may have about our daily needs.  That is, we have a Heavenly Father who has promised to satisfy our daily needs.  Perhaps not so much our wants.  But our daily needs.
Philippians 4:19...But my God shall supply all your need according to his riches in glory by Christ Jesus.


[12] And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.

The sin spoken of here is a sin towards God.
Making the bitterness of this sin quite serious.  When you ask God to forgive you of sins, you are asking Him to forgive of you of offenses toward Him. 
A significant part of our Christian growth is when we can right readily forgive those who have wronged us.
As we become more and more conscious of the sins of our own selves, we become more and more conscious of the sins of others around us. 
Luke 23:34...Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots.
This is why here in Matthew 6:12, we have utterance of asking God to forgive us just like we forgive others.  What we are asking of God, is to forgive us just like we forgive others.
Acts 7:59-60...And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. [60] And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. And when he had said this, he fell asleep.


[13] And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.

Jesus could be referring to His own temptation of the devil in Matthew 4.
Matthew 4:1...Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil.

We know from Scripture that the devil has the power to ask God for us by name.
Job 1:8-12...And the LORD said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil? [9] Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, Doth Job fear God for nought? [10] Hast not thou made an hedge about him, and about his house, and about all that he hath on every side? thou hast blessed the work of his hands, and his substance is increased in the land. [11] But put forth thine hand now, and touch all that he hath, and he will curse thee to thy face. [12] And the LORD said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath is in thy power; only upon himself put not forth thine hand. So Satan went forth from the presence of the LORD.
Therefore, part of our Christian Brotherhood is that we have a forgiving spirit towards others.  For the very devil which temps our brothers and sisters in Christ, is the identical devil which temps you.  In order for those of us who are men and women of faith to survive the temptations of the devil, it must become imperative, that we remain ready, to immediately forgive those whom the devil would use, to make us answer a temptation  with sin and not with righteousness. 
Job 2:3-7...And the LORD said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil? and still he holdeth fast his integrity, although thou movedst me against him, to destroy him without cause. [4] And Satan answered the LORD, and said, Skin for skin, yea, all that a man hath will he give for his life. [5] But put forth thine hand now, and touch his bone and his flesh, and he will curse thee to thy face. [6] And the LORD said unto Satan, Behold, he is in thine hand; but save his life. [7] So went Satan forth from the presence of the LORD, and smote Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot unto his crown.
Luke 22:31...And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat: [32] But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren.
Jesus is the king and kingdom of our lives not evil.  Jesus is the power in the life of a believer not evil.  And our lives are to glorify Jesus not evil.


[14] For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you:
Jesus place great emphasis on the believer having a forgiving heat and a forgiving spirit with others. A wrong relationship with a fellow believer is a definite hindrance to effective prayer.  This lack of relationship with other believers is an impediment to our prayer life even if our relationship with God is all that it should be.  For effective prayer there must be immediate acts of forgiveness and reconciliation.  Jesus taught us to pray for those who are nonbelievers and have offended us.  For our prayers to go up, there must be a daily action of our love and forgiveness going out.


[15] But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.

Matthew 18:21-35...Then came Peter to him, and said, Lord, how oft shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? till seven times?
18:22 Jesus saith unto him, I say not unto thee, Until seven times: but, Until seventy times seven.
18:23 Therefore is the kingdom of heaven likened unto a certain king, which would take account of his servants.
18:24 And when he had begun to reckon, one was brought unto him, which owed him ten thousand talents.
18:25 But forasmuch as he had not to pay, his lord commanded him to be sold, and his wife, and children, and all that he had, and payment to be made.
18:26 The servant therefore fell down, and worshipped him, saying, Lord, have patience with me, and I will pay thee all.
18:27 Then the lord of that servant was moved with compassion, and loosed him, and forgave him the debt.
18:28 But the same servant went out, and found one of his fellowservants, which owed him an hundred pence: and he laid hands on him, and took him by the throat, saying, Pay me that thou owest.
18:29 And his fellowservant fell down at his feet, and besought him, saying, Have patience with me, and I will pay thee all.
18:30 And he would not: but went and cast him into prison, till he should pay the debt.
18:31 So when his fellowservants saw what was done, they were very sorry, and came and told unto their lord all that was done.18:32 Then his lord, after that he had called him, said unto him, O thou wicked servant, I forgave thee all that debt, because thou desiredst me:
18:33 Shouldest not thou also have had compassion on thy fellowservant, even as I had pity on thee?
18:34 And his lord was wroth, and delivered him to the tormentors, till he should pay all that was due unto him.
18:35 So likewise shall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses.
Notice that the only point the Lord emphasizes in the prayer is the necessity of forgiving one another.  Forgiveness with the Father depends on forgiveness among the member of the family of God.  This is the forgiveness that affects fellowship within the family of God, not the forgiveness that leads to salvation.
James 2:13...For he shall have judgment without mercy, that hath shewed no mercy; and mercy rejoiceth against judgment.

Mark 11:25-26...And when ye stand praying, forgive, if ye have ought against any: that your Father also which is in heaven may forgive you your trespasses. 11:26 But if ye do not forgive, neither will your Father which is in heaven forgive your trespasses.
Ephesians 4:32...And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ's sake hath forgiven you.
What Jesus is speaking of in this verse, is that the lack of forgiveness of others puts a halting hindrance to our prayers.  Teaching us to be slow to anger and quick to forgiveness. 
Colossians 3:13...Forbearing one another, and forgiving one another, if any man have a quarrel against any: even as Christ forgave you, so also do ye.


[16] Moreover when ye fast, be not, as the hypocrites, of a sad countenance: for they disfigure their faces, that they may appear unto men to fast. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward.
There are many instances of private occasional fasting I Samuel 1:7-34; II Samuel 3:35; 12:16; I Kings 21:27; Ezra 10:6; Nehemiah 1:4 & Daniel 10:2-3.   Moses fasted forty days Exodus 24:18 & 34:28.  And so also did Elijah I Kings 19:8.  Our Lord fasted forty days in the wilderness Matthew 4:2..
In the lapse of time the practice of fasting was greatly abused Isaiah 58:4; Jeremiah 14:12 & Zechariah 7:5. Our Lord rebuked the Pharisees for their hypocritical pretenses in fasting Matthew 6:16.  He himself appointed no fast. The early Christians, however, observed the ordinary fasts according to the law of their fathers Acts 13:3; 14:23 & II Corinthians 6:5.
Ultimately, the hypocrisy spoken of by Jesus, will be the shame and undoing of the religious hypocrites.  Example, the hypocrites would smear their faces with ashes to give themselves the appearance of fasting to the point of great sickness.  Jesus maintained a deep objection of religious pretense. 
Luke 18:12...I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess.
Isaiah 58:3-7...Wherefore have we fasted, say they, and thou seest not? wherefore have we afflicted our soul, and thou takest no knowledge? Behold, in the day of your fast ye find pleasure, and exact all your labours. 58:4 Behold, ye fast for strife and debate, and to smite with the fist of wickedness: ye shall not fast as ye do this day, to make your voice to be heard on high. 58:5 Is it such a fast that I have chosen? a day for a man to afflict his soul? is it to bow down his head as a bulrush, and to spread sackcloth and ashes under him? wilt thou call this a fast, and an acceptable day to the LORD? 58:6 Is not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke? 58:7 Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh?
Unfortunately, the Jewish faith had been reduced to a series of religious observances.  Example, the Rabbis were to pray two hours daily.  The Sabbath Day had been reduced to a day of torture.  And then there was fasting.  It too had been relegated to a religious observance. 
Fasting was to be done on Thursday and Monday.  Why did I not place these two days in chronological order?  According to Jewish folk lore, Moses went up on Mount Sinai on a Thursday and came back down on a Monday.  Therefore, fasting was to be done on these two days of the week. 
Luke 18:11-12...The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank thee, that I am not as other men are, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this publican. 18:12 I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess.
Fasting is to be done in private.  The world at large around you is not to know that you are fasting.  When ever the religiosity would be fasting, they would cover their faces in ashes, be falling about as though they were about to pass out from a lack of food, and go on and on about their fasting.  The religiosity wanted to produce their "suffering for God" show and have all men to see it.  Since men saw it, the religiosity got their reward.


[17] But thou, when thou fastest, anoint thine head, and wash thy

In antiquity, it would be customary for people to pour oil on themselves especially olive oil.  This oil was thought to have preservative,  medicinal qualities as well as a fragrant perfume.    It would applied especially after bathing.  It was especially customary for a person to put this oil either on their head or a wound.  There was also a practice of washing the feet of your guest and then putting oil on their feet. 
Jesus also commands the religiosity to wash the ash and dirt off their faces as to appear not to be fasting.


[18] That thou appear not unto men to fast, but unto thy Father which is in secret: and thy Father, which seeth in secret, shall reward thee openly.

Fasting is a secret act of holiness that is just between the person fasting and God.  Not the person fasting and the entire world around them.  Fasting is performed in secret.  And it your fasting is for the proper reasons and intents, God will reward you publicly for all men to see.  Fasting is a secret just between the person fating and God the Heavenly Father.


[19] Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal:
Proverbs 23:4...Labour not to be rich: cease from thine own wisdom.

In the days of Jesus, treasures were of fine clothing, polished armor, weapons of war, gold and jewels.  Moth, rust and thieves were a destruction to most of these items. 
I Timothy 6:6-11...But godliness with contentment is great gain. [7] For we brought nothing into this world, and it is certain we can carry nothing out. [8] And having food and raiment let us be therewith content. [9] But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition. [10] For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows. [11] But thou, O man of God, flee these things; and follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, meekness.
In the days of Jesus, one proved himself/herself by the costliness of the their apparel.   In consequence, moths were a significant problem. 
James 5:1-2...Go to now, ye rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon you.  [2] Your riches are corrupted, and your garments are motheaten. [3] Your gold and silver is cankered; and the rust of them shall be a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were fire. Ye have heaped treasure together for the last days.
On numerous occasions, Jesus would warn His disciples of the alluring dangers of this world's wealth and goods.
Malachi 3:16...Then they that feared the LORD spake often one to another: and the LORD hearkened, and heard it, and a book of remembrance was written before him for them that feared the LORD, and that thought upon his name.


[20] But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through nor steal:
To lay up treasures in Heaven is to fully consecrate yourself unto God the Heavenly Father. It would also mean to help all those in need.  Even every cup of cold water rendered in the appropriate spirit does not go unnoticed nor unrewarded.

Matthew 10:40-42...He that receiveth you receiveth me, and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me. [41] He that receiveth a prophet in the name of a prophet shall receive a prophet's reward; and he that receiveth a righteous man in the name of a righteous man shall receive a righteous man's reward.  [42] And whosoever shall give to drink unto one of these little ones a cup of cold water only in the name of a disciple, verily I say unto you, he shall in no wise lose his reward.

Mansions and furnishings in Heaven are secure from moth/termites.  Metals are free from rust.  Precious stones are free from thieves.  All hearts are safe from fear/loss for all eternity.


[21] For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.
Matthew 6:24...No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.


[22] The light of the body is the eye: if therefore thine eye be single, thy whole body shall be full of light.

In the New Testament, Jesus is the light of the world and the light of all truth.  Therefore, when your eyes are beholding the truth of Jesus through His Holy Word the Bible, your eyes will be single, or very clear and sharp.  And when your eyes have been sharpened by the Word of God, then you will be prepared to receive the full light of Jesus.


[23] But if thine eye be evil, thy whole body shall be full of darkness. If therefore the light that is in thee be darkness, how great is that darkness!

Whether verse 22 or verse 23, the issue is, what do you feed your mind?  Do you feed your mind the Holiness of the Word of God in verse 22?  Or do you feed your mind the evil of the world, the flesh and the devil of verse 23?
For if you feed your mind the Holiness of God that is found in the Holy Word of God, then great will be the Holiness thereof.
However, should you feed your mind the darkness and the evil of the world, the flesh and the devil, then great will be the darkness thereof. 
In John chapter 1, you will see that Jesus is the Light.  Satan is the darkness.  Upon which do you personally choose to feed upon the most.


[24] No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.

Matthew 6:24 & Luke 16:13 are a presupposition of human services.  In the days of Jesus, it was quite possible for one slave to have two owners and each with equal shares.  This would mean that these two owners also had equal shares to the loyalties and services of said servant.  This same servant could be freed by one master, yet still have legal binds to the other master.  In such a situation as this, it would be impossible for a slave to present equal loyalty with equal enthusiasm.  As one might imagine, the time would come when such a duo situation as this would become impossible to continue.  Definitive decisions and choices would have to be made. 
It is the same with born again believers.  This time must come as to whether we will walk with Jesus as His humble and obedient servants, or do we continue to serve the world, the flesh and the devil?  Do we pursue after the things of Christ, or do we pursue after the things of the world, the flesh and the devil?
Luke 16:13...No servant can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.
I John 2:15-17...Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him.  [16] For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world.  [17] And the world passeth away, and the lust thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever.


[25] Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink; nor yet for your body, what ye shall put on. Is not the life more than meat, and the body than raiment?
The key operative word here is anxiety.  Being anxious over "how am I going to make it?" 
Psalms 37:25...I have been young, and now am old; yet have I not seen the righteous forsaken, nor his seed begging bread.
There is more to our relationship with the Lord Jesus Christ than just food or clothes.  There are times when God may allow us to come to near destitute just to watch Him move His mighty hand so that we can watch Him remedy the situation. 
This world can give unto us much to anxious about.  It is an everyday situation.  Our Heavenly Father is quite too aware of all this.
Just like with Peter focusing on the wave around Him instead of Focusing on Jesus.  We see this in Matthew 14:22:36.  It is much easier, as per human nature, to focus more on the circumstances than to focus on the one who can calm the circumstances.  But we have to move to the side and allow Jesus to do His mighty work.  
Matthew 11:28-30...Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.  [29] Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. [30] For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.


[26] Behold the fowls of the air: for they sow not, neither do they reap, nor gather into barns; yet your heavenly Father feedeth them. Are ye not much better than they?

Jesus is asking us to stop for a moment and take a good long look at the animals of nature.  In this particular scenario it would be birds.  You will not see a bird out in the fields plowing and sowing.  You will not see a bird out in the fields at harvest.  Nor will you see a bird placing the harvest in a barn.  Yet out Heavenly Father will see to it that everything that the birds of the air and the animals of nature will have all that they need for life and survival.  Then Jesus will close this thought by declaring, that when it comes to caring and providing, humans, especially saved born again believers, are far more important and far more special to the Heavenly Father than the animals of nature.


[27] Which of you by taking thought can add one cubit unto his stature?
A certain man feels he is far too short.  In the process of time, he worries, obsesses, and even has anxiety about his height.  Yet after all of his worry, after all of his obsession and after all of his anxiety, he is still the same height. 


[28] And why take ye thought for raiment? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow; they toil not, neither do they spin:
Jesus is pointing out that the same Heavenly Father that cares for the birds of the air, and makes certain that all of us are just the correct height, is the same identical Heavenly Father who makes sure that not only does the properly dress the flowers of the fields, but also makes sure that we too are properly dressed.


[29] And yet I say unto you, That even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these.
The procedure in which our Heavenly Father would use to care for the flowers of the field, is by far more glorious than that of Solomon.  The flowers are cared for by divine instrumentation, while the best Solomon could do was a staff of caretakers and servant


[30] Wherefore, if God so clothe the grass of the field, which to day is, and to morrow is cast into the oven, shall he not much more clothe you, O ye of little faith?
Since God is so careful to make sure the grass is cared for, and since grass does not last forever, how much more do your feel that God takes care of those who are truly saved, born again believers.


[31] Therefore take no thought, saying, What shall we eat? or, What shall we drink? or, Wherewithal shall we be clothed?
The regular ingestion of food proves essential for the sustaining of life whether human, animal or agricultural.  One of the more pressing concerns of life is the anxiety over whether or not there will sufficient food for the sustaining of this said life.  Jesus is telling us in there verse to dismiss said anxieties.
For one who is truly a saved born again believer, the anxieties of day-to-day necessities is in totality, unwarranted. 


[32] (For after all these things do the Gentiles seek:) for your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of all these things.
It is part of the Gentile way of life that the sustaining of the flesh receive the preeminent attention.
Exodus 3:7...And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their sorrows;
Deuteronomy 2:7...For the LORD thy God hath blessed thee in all the works of thy hand: he knoweth thy walking through this great wilderness: these forty years the LORD thy God hath been with thee; thou hast lacked nothing.
Psalms 103:14...For he knoweth our frame; he remembereth that we are dust.
Luke 12:29-30...And seek not ye what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink, neither be ye of doubtful mind.  [30] For all these things do the nations of the world seek after: and your Father knoweth that ye have need of these things.
Matthew 6:8...Be not ye therefore like unto them: for your Father knoweth what things ye have need of, before ye ask him.
In Jesus we have a threefold revelation of God the Heavenly Father:
1.  The revelation of His existence
2.  The revelation of His nature
3.  The revelation of His will
Matthew 6:32 also shows us God's power of intellect and reasonable deduction in understanding the necessary provisions for His truly saved born again believers. 


[33] But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.
To love God is to exist for Him as a slave for his lord.  It is to listen faithfully and obediently to His order, to place oneself under His lordship.  To value above all else the realization of his lordship.  It also means, to base one's whole being on God, cling to Him with unreserved confidence, to leave with Him all care or final responsibility.  To live by His hand as well as from His heart.  It is to hate and despise all that does not serve God nore come from Him, to break with all other ties, to cut away all hinders, to snap al bonds except that which binds to God alone.

Matthew 6:24...No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.
Luke 17:7...But which of you, having a servant plowing or feeding cattle, will say unto him by and by, when he is come from the field, Go and sit down to meat?


[34] Take therefore no thought for the morrow: for the morrow shall take thought for the things of itself. Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof.
Jesus finishes this verse, as well as this chapter, with a proverb.  Let the troubles of today be enough for today.  Do not allow yourself to be overwhelmed by the anxiety of today's life, for tomorrow will also have it's own problems.  Master each day at a time. 
Matthew 6:25...Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink; nor yet for your body, what ye shall put on. Is not the life more than meat, and the body than raiment?
James 4:13-14...Go to now, ye that say, To day or to morrow we will go into such a city, and continue there a year, and buy and sell, and get gain: [14] Whereas ye know not what shall be on the morrow. For what is your life? It is even a vapour, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away.
Psalms 55:22...Cast thy burden upon the LORD, and he shall sustain thee: he shall never suffer the righteous to be moved.
Philippians 4:6...Be careful for nothing; but in every thing by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God.
I Peter 5:7...Casting all your care upon him; for he careth for you.