The people are astonished at the doctrine of Both John the Baptist
and Jesus. For both John the Baptist and Jesus are teaching the
absolute necessity of a personal relationship with God based on true
repentance. The Jewish people had always been led to believe that since
they were the offspring of Abraham, that they automatically had such a
relationship with God.
And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: therefore
every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast
into the fire.
In the Bible, the casting off of fruit is a
metaphor of one who was judged of God and failed.
Fruits are good only if they grow and ripen on this basis of divine
repentance, and they can ripen on in the ma for whom this repentance
has become through baptism the divine norm and power of his growth, so
that he is converted in this sense. This same decisive view underlies
the saying of Jesus. These images do not merely present us with good and
band trees and fruits. They area summons to man to participate in the
kingdom of God and thus to be4 a good tree with good fruit. The
statements in the parables are to be viewed from same standpoint. In
Matthew 13:24-38, the fruit sown in the fields is the Word of God. As
the value of a tree is estimated b y it products, so the righteousness
displayed in acts is a decisive standard for divine judgment. As we see
in Luke 13:6-10, it is the unfruitful man, or better known as the one
who rejects Jesus as Lord and Savior, who will be rejected.
Luke 13:6-10...He spake also this parable; A certain man had a fig
tree planted in his vineyard; and he came and sought fruit thereon, and
found none.  Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard, Behold,
these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find none:
cut it down; why cumbereth it the ground?  And he answering said unto
him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and
dung it:  And if it bear fruit, well: and if not, then after that
thou shalt cut it down.  And he was teaching in one of the
synagogues on the sabbath.
In the preaching of John the Baptist here in Matthew 3:10,
the expectation of judgement of urgent and immediate. No one is exempt
from the judgement of God. The only escape is true heartfelt
repentance of the sinful.
THE PUNISHMENT SPOKEN OF HERE IN MATTHEW 3:10
IS A RESULT, NOT A PROCESS.
Now that Jesus was on the earth, He Himself would be the one to be
the supreme sacrifice for sin. Jesus came to lay the axe to the root of
sin. And all who would reject Him would be consigned to the literal
flames of Hell.
In Matthew 3:9, the Jews felt that since they were of the seed of
Abraham, that this was sufficient enough for repentance. John the
Baptist is telling them in verse 10 that it is a matter of true,
heartfelt repentance, and the receiving of Jesus into their hearts.
I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance: but he that cometh
after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he
shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire:
John the Baptist does not feel worthy to pick up and carry Jesus' shoes, or to even loosen the shoe strings of Jesus' shoes.
Christ baptizes believers in the Spirit into the body of Christ.
This baptism takes place at the moment of salvation. The rite of water
baptism symbolizes Spirit baptism.
Mark 1:8...I indeed have baptized you with water: but he shall baptize you with the Holy
answered, saying unto them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but
one mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy
to unloose: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire:
I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same
said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and
remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost.
Acts 1:5...For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence.
Acts 11:15...And as I began to speak, the Holy Ghost fell on them, as on us at the beginning.
Romans 6:3...Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death?
Ephesians 4:5...One Lord, one faith, one baptism,
with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him through the
faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead.
I Corinthians 12:13...For
by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or
Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink
into one Spirit.
The Baptism of John the Baptist was man saying that he needed a
Savior and that when the Messiah would arrive that he would accept this
Messiah as his own Savior. However, Jesus would baptize with Holy
Spirit. That being that when a person would come to Christ for
Salvation, that Jesus would then and there fill the new convert with all
of Himself. And baptize with fire or with the entirety of God's power.
Whose fan is in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and
gather his wheat into the garner; but he will burn up the chaff with
A fan is a wooden shovel used to toss the grain against the wind in
order for the wind to blow out the chaff and other useless grasses so
that the true wheat would drop to the floor.
After all of this, any other useless grasses which may still be
around would be placed into a fire to be burned up. In the final end,
the farmer could have only pure wheat and nothing else.
 Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to Jordan unto John, to be baptized of him.
IF JESUS IS TRULY GOD, AND HE IS,
THEN WHY DID HE HAVE TO BE BAPTIZED?
We see that John the Baptist also wondered about baptizing Jesus in Matthew 3:14.
John's baptism was a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins
in Luke 3:3. However, Jesus had no need for repentance or forgiveness as
per II Corinthians 5:21; Hebrews 4:15 & I John 3:5. Why then did Jesus seek to be baptized by John?There may be a clue in how Jesus responds in Matthew 3:15:
"Permit it at this time; for in this way it is fitting for us to
fulfill all righteousness." Baptism is a form of identification.
Although Jesus had no sin to repent of, He seems to have wanted to be
identified with John's message of the need for repentance. This seems to
be supported by Jesus' own message Matthew 4:17 & Mark 2:15.
Also, Jesus probably wanted to be identified with those receiving
John's baptism, namely, sinners. After all, Jesus came to be identified
with us, and to die as a substitute for our sins in I Corinthians 15:3
& II Corinthians 5:21.
Interestingly, Jesus' death and resurrection, which is the basis for
our forgiveness, is linked with baptism in passages like Romans 6:3-4.
 But John forbad him, saying, I have need to be baptized of thee, and comest thou to me?
In verse 14, the English word forbid comes from the Greek word diakoluo.
It means to forbid to the point of stopping the person/action in
question. John felt that he needed to be baptized by Jesus, not Jesus
being baptized by John.
This is proof that John the Baptist knew in advance of who and what
Jesus was. The fact that Jesus wanted John the Baptist to baptize Him
made John the Baptist quite uncomfortable. John the Baptist felt that
if anyone is getting baptized, it should be Jesus baptizing John the
And Jesus answering said unto him, Suffer it to be so now: for thus it
becometh us to fulfil all righteousness. Then he suffered him.
Jesus fulfilled all the righteous requirements to be Israel's
Messiah. By allowing John the Baptist to baptize Him, Jesus is
identifying with sinners who He came to save. Jesus Himself had no sin
to repent of.
And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water:
and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God
descending like a dove, and lighting upon him:
This is the first absolute expression of the of concept of the
Trinity. The advent of the Spirit falling upon Christ. The Holy Spirit
which would empower Christ for His public ministry.
 And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
Isaiah 42:1...Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect,
in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall
bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.
Matthew 3:17...And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
Matthew 17:5...While he yet spake, behold, a bright cloud
overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, This
is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him.
Mark 1:11...And there came a voice from heaven, saying, Thou art my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
Mark 9:7...And there was a cloud that overshadowed them:
and a voice came out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son: hear
Luke 3:222...And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape
like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou
art my beloved Son; in thee I am well
Luke 9:35...And there came a voice out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son: hear him