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The Clear Word 

A Ministry Of Mid-State Bible Fellowship 

 

MATTHEW CHAPTER FOUR

 

MATTHEW 4:1


[1] Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil.
 
The way in which devil is used here, it's origins are rabbinic as used by the rabbis in Genesis 3.  The reason that in society we see such a strong rejection of Jesus, his miraculous conception and spotless, sinless life, is because that in Matthew 4, we see the devil rejecting these very truths.  The devil chooses to reject these truths even though he knows they are factual truths.
 
Jesus was to be tested like Adam:
Genesis 3:6...And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.
 
I Corinthians 15:45...And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.
 
I John 2:15-17...Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him. [16] For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world. [17] And the world passeth away, and the lust thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever.
 
Satan's intention in the Temptation of Christ, was to make Christ sin,  thus, disqualifying Jesus as being the Savior of all mankind.  Jesus was led by Holy Spirit to the place of temptation.  God wanted to show Jesus to be the rightful Savior of mankind by having Him subjected to all points of sin just as you and I, yet without sin.
II Corinthians 5:21...For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
 
Hebrews 4:15...For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.
 
The penalty Christ bore in paying for our sins was suffering in both His body and soul. Though Christ' sufferings culminated in His eath on the cross, His whole life in a fallen world involved suffering.  For example, Jesus endured tremendous suffering during the temptation in the wilderness in Matthew 4:1-11.  In the desert Jesus was assaulted by the devil for forty days and nights. 
 
Jesus also suffered in growing to maturity as per Hebrews 5:8:
Hebrews 5:8...Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered;
 
Jesus understood suffering in the intense opposition he faced from Jewish leader throughout much of His ministry. We see this in Hebrews 12:3-4:
Hebrews 12:3-4...For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest ye be wearied and faint in your minds. [4] Ye have not yet resisted unto blood, striving against sin.
 
Since Satan the devil cannot tempt God, he will attempt to tempt God's creation, man.  Jesus was one hundred percent God and one hundred percent man.  His temptation was aimed at his humanity.  His temptation was a testing for demonstration of His purity and sinlessness without any possibility of enticement to evil.
 
In Matthew chapter 4, we see the Temptation of Christ and the beginning of His Galilean Ministry. 
 
It is in every way credible that the Baptism of Jesus, with its connected incidents should be followed by a season of moral trial and to have a time of withdrawal for earnest thought on His future ministry.  Such withdrawal for prayer and meditation was a regular practice during the time of ministry.
 
Jesus left home with the Jordan and baptism in full view.  The baptism was a decisive act.  Whatever more it might mean, it meant farewell to the past life of obscurity and consecration to a new high unique vocation.
 
The way in which then is used here in Matthew 4:1, gives close time proximity with the events of Matthew chapter 3. 
 
As per Mark 1:13, after the baptism Jesus is led of the Spirit into the part of the wilderness that is froth with wild animals rather than taking Him into a populated area. 
 
Holy Spirit has to do with our darker experiences as well as with our bright and joyous ones.  He is with born again believers in their conflicts with doubt not less than in their moments of noble impulse and heroic resolve.  The same Holy Spirit who brought Jesus from Nazareth to the Jordan afterward led Him to the scene of the temptation.  Holy Spirit is never more with a believer than his spiritual struggles. 




MATTHEW 4:2


[2] And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungred.
 
FAST/FASTING...To practice abstinence as a religious exercise or duty; to abstain from food voluntarily for a time, for the mortification of the body or appetites, or as a token of grief, or humiliation and penitence.
 
Notice if you will, Matthew takes two verses, Matthew 4:1-2, just to set the scene as to what is about to happen and why.  Jesus is about to spend forty days in the desert in fasting and prayer, and then be deeply tested of the devil.
 
Matthew 4:1 opens with the English word then.  The English word then, as used here in this verse, comes from the two Greek words tote o/tote  .  It means, then, after that.  The question arises, after what?  It would be after the introduction of John the Baptist of Jesus to the world, and then subsequently the baptism of Jesus. 
 
The English words led up comes from the Greek word anago.  It means to lead/take up.  Notice this if you will.  Jesus is on His way to suffer numerous tortures of the devil.  And for most people, they see this as being led down into the valley.  But in God's eyes, Jesus is being led up.  Up to God's will.  Up to God's plan.  And up to God's choicest glories because Jesus survived the testings without sin.  Please note here Hebrews 4:15.
 
I want you to notice that it was Holy Spirit who took Jesus into a lonely desolate place in the desert.  A desert place, probably in the desert of Judea, whereby for this duration of time, Jesus was totally alone and did not see nor converse with any other human at all. 
 
It is quite possible that Jesus is here at the request of Satan himself.  You will note in Luke 22:31-34, that God turned Peter over to Satan for a most horrendous time of testing.  However, as you notice in the Luke verses, this trial was designed to make Peter stronger.  And then afterwards, he was to take what he had learned and go out and us this new knowledge to strengthen his brothers/sisters in Christ.
 
Therefore, it is quite possible that Jesus is in this desert place at the request of Satan himself.
 
The English word tempted comes from the Greek word peirazo.  For a lack of a better phrase, it is a test designed by the examiner, in this case Satan the devil, to find out what the examine, in this case Jesus, is truly, really made of.
 
In verse 2, just like Moses in Exodus 34:28, Jesus spent forty days/nights in the wilderness in fasting.  Though the Bible does not use the word prayer, it could be safe to assume that this forty days was spent in both fasting and prayer.
 
The English word fasting comes from the Greek word nesteuo.   It means to abstain from foods for religious reasons and purposes.  And after this forty days/nights of fasting, it is only normal that the one fasting is very hungry.  Also, this person would be very week and at this particular time, quite vulnerable.
 
Dr. Charles Stanley, Pastor, First Baptist Church of Atlanta, Georgia, describes the fact that the devil likes to use HALT when tempting us.
 
H=hunger A=anger L=loneliness T=tired
 
The devil would have exercised extreme patience and staying back and letting Jesus go forty days without food.  And then, at this most vulnerable moment, move in for the great deception.




MATTHEW 4:3


[3] And when the tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread.
 
In order to understand Matthew 4:3, you have to go back and review Matthew 3:17.  It was in this verse in which the Heavenly Father declares that Jesus is His beloved Son and that He is well pleased with Him.
 
Apparently, the devil head all of this.  Which would cause the devil to begin his challenges with the word "If" or "Since." 
 
This temptation is a duel temptation.  It is not only challenging Jesus but it is also a challenge from the devil toward God the Father. 
 
He is not only challenging the integrity of Jesus' Divine Holiness, but also it is the devil asking the Father if Jesus really is a Son the He can be proud of?
 
Notice that the devil did not suggest that Jesus turn the stone into bread, but command the stones to do so.
 
The English word tempter comes from the Greek word peirazo.   It has to do with an examiner who is here to prove.  Which would be why the devil starts off with the phrase....:if thou be the Son of God"
 
The English word if comes from the Greek word ei.  It is a conditional Greek word.  The wording in which the devil used questioned the validity of the deity of Jesus and was designed to cast doubt on who and what he was.
 
In the first temptation, the devil tries to use logic to persuade Jesus.  Would it not be logical that since Jesus was so hungry, and great distance from any town which may have food, to use his divine powers to feed himself?  That sounds so logical. John chapter 6 is known as the bread chapter.
 
What the devil failed to realize, is why Jesus was hungry.  He was not hungry because some unfortunate circumstance had kept Him from food.  He was hungry because of fasting for spiritual purposes.
 
The devil wanted Jesus to use His divine powers to gratify the flesh.  This does, in fact, sound logical.  But the devil does not realize that Jesus is here to sow to the spirit and not the flesh.  Please note here  Galatians 6:8.
 
Notice in verse 6, Jesus does not argue or banter with the devil about the bread.  He answers him by quoting scripture.  Instead, Jesus quotes for the devil
 
Deuteronomy 8:3...And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the LORD doth man live.
 
Jesus let the devil know, that in this fast He was not pursuing the bread of man, but the Bread of Life. 
 
The second temptation is found in verses 5-7.  This time the devil will alter his tactics just a bit. 
 
This time the devil takes Jesus to Jerusalem and there sets him on top the tallest pinnacle of the temple.  This time the devil quotes scripture just like Jesus did in the first temptation.  As a matter of fact, the devil quotes Psalms 91:11-12...For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways. They shall bear thee up in their hands, lest thou dash thy foot against a stone.
 
The devil knew that if the people of Israel saw the Messiah floating off the temple with the angels carrying him, then they would have instantly accepted Jesus as their promised Messiah.  This would have instantly put the world into the Millennial reign of Christ.  And then Jesus would then be forced to bypass the cross.  That means then that if Jesus does not make it to the cross, then not only will sin and Satan not be destroyed, but also mankind will have to spend eternity in Hell because the price of mankind's redemption was not paid for on the cross.  Jesus had to make it to the cross and the devil knew it.
 
But again Jesus uses scripture Jesus this time quotes from Deuteronomy 6:16...Ye shall not tempt the LORD your God, as ye tempted him in Massah.
 
Then in Matthew 4:8, the third and final temptation.  The Bible says that the devil took Jesus to an extremely tall mountain.  Perhaps it was the tip of Mount Everest.  Everest stands at an elevation of 29,035 feet.
 
However, what the devil showed Jesus was more than just the earth and all that is therein.  The devil showed Jesus the entirety of all creation.  All the stars, planets and the majesties of the universe to numerous to count and to majestic to take in.  This is what the devil was offering Him.  What the devil failed to realize, Jesus already owns all of this.

On the part of the devil, this was a desperation move.  He was losing this battle and he knew it.  In verse 9, his wording and tone of voice goes from tempter to beggar.  The devil, knowing that he is losing, knowing that Jesus is truly too strong for him, literally begs Jesus to fall down and worship him.  Please note here Deuteronomy 6:13 & 10:20.  Please note also Exodus 20:3-6.
 
In verse 11, the English word came is a very interesting word.  It comes from the Greek word proserchomai.  It means to approach as approaching royalty.  The were allowed to approach Jesus because He gave them His permission.
 
The English word minister comes from the Greek word diakoneo. It has to do with the servants of a royal court performing their various duties in caring for the nobility which is left to their charge.
 
James 4:7   Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.




MATTHEW 4:4


[4] But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God.
 
In Matthew 4:4, anthropos is a Messianic designation to the humanity of Christ.
 
What nourishes and satisfies Jesus belongs entirely to another sphere other than the physical.  What nourishes and satisfies Jesus the necessary and indispensable daily bread known at finishing the work in which the Heavenly Father has given Him to do.  This is the bread in which the disciples, at this time, are ignorant of. 
 
John 5:26...For as the Father hath life in himself; so hath he given to the Son to have life in himself;
 
The nature of this hunger which is shaped and satisfied by Jesus, is brought out more clearly by the hunger which Jesus, like the disciples, undergoes for the sake of His calling.  We see in Matthew 4:4, that the first temptation is based on hunger.  Jesus does not does not point away from physical to spiritual nourishment, but from that which is only of earth to that which is comes from God.  The life of the Son consist of doing the will of the Father. 
 
Deuteronomy 8:3...And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the LORD doth man live.
 
Jesus refused to exercise the powers of His deity independently of the Father's power and approval.  Instead, Jesus chose rather to rely on the power of God's Word.
 

AFTER THE DOVE COMES THE DEVIL
AFTER THE BENEDICTION COMES THE BATTLE!
 
Here Jesus indicates that our spiritual life is maintained by daily nourishment with the Word of God, just as our physical lives are maintained by daily nourishment with physical food.  To neglect regular reading of God's Word is as detrimental to the health of our souls as the neglect of physical food is detrimental to the health of our bodies. 
 
The same Biblical message in which it is absolutely clear that man does not live by bread alone, by the satisfaction of his animal needs and exercise of his corresponding impulses, but by every Word that proceeds out of the mouth of God also makes it perfectly plain that God grants and gives man his daily bread




MATTHEW 4:5


[5] Then the devil taketh him up into the holy city, and setteth him on a pinnacle of the temple,
 
JERUSALEM: Jerusalem is also calleld Salem, Ariel, Jebus, the "city of God," the "holy city;" by the modern Arabs el-Khuds, meaning "the holy;" once "the city of Judah"   II Chronicles 25:28.  This name is in the original in the dual form, and means "possession of peace," or "foundation of peace." The dual form probably refers to the two mountains on which it was built.  These two mountains are Zion and Moriah; or, as some suppose, to the two parts of the city, the "upper" and the "lower city." Jerusalem is a "mountain city enthroned on a mountain fastness" Psalms 68:15-16; 87:1; 76:1-2; 122:3 & 125:2.  It stands on the edge of one of the highest table-lands in Palestine, and is surrounded on the south-eastern, the southern, and the western sides by deep and precipitous ravines.

It is first mentioned in Scripture under the name Salem Genesis 14:18 & Psalms 76:2. When first mentioned under the name Jerusalem, Adonizedek was its king Joshua 10:1. It is afterwards named among the cities of Benjamin Judges 19:10 & I Chronicles 11:4,  but in the time of David it was divided between Benjamin and Judah. After the death of Joshua the city was taken and set on fire by the men of Judah Judges 1:1-8,  but the Jebusites were not wholly driven out of it. The city is not again mentioned till we are told that David brought the head of Goliath thither I Samuel 17:54.  David afterwards led his forces against the Jebusites still residing within its walls, and drove them out, fixing his own dwelling on Zion, which he called "the city of David" II Samuel 5:5-9 & I Chronicles 11:4-8.  Here he built an altar to the Lord on the threshing-floor of Araunah the Jebusite II Samuel 24:15-25,  and thither he brought up the ark of the covenant and placed it in the new tabernacle which he had prepared for it. Jerusalem now became the capital of the kingdom.


After the death of David, Solomon built the temple, a house for the name of the Lord, on Mount Moriah 1010 B.C. He also greatly strengthened and adorned the city, and it became the great centre of all the civil and religious affairs of the nation Deuteronomy 12:5-14; 14:23; 16:11-16 & Psalms 122.


After the disruption of the kingdom on the accession to the throne of Rehoboam, the son of Solomon, Jerusalem became the capital of the kingdom of the two tribes. It was subsequently often taken and retaken by the Egyptians, the Assyrians, and by the kings of Israel II Kings 14:13-14; 18:15-16; 23:33-35; 24:14; II Chronicles 12:9; 26:9; 27:3-4; 29:3; 32:30 & 33:11,  till finally, for the abounding iniquities of the nation, after a siege of three years, it was taken and utterly destroyed, its walls razed to the ground, and its temple and palaces consumed by fire, by Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon II Kings 25; II Chronicles 36 & Jeremiah 39 in 588 B.C. The desolation of the city and the land was completed by the retreat of the principal Jews into Egypt Jeremiah 40-44,  and by the final carrying captive into Babylon of all that still remained in the land, 52:3,  so that it was left without an inhabitant  582 B.C.  Also note Leviticus 26:14-39 & Deuteronomy 28.


But the streets and walls of Jerusalem were again to be built, in troublous times Daniel 9:16-25,  after a captivity of seventy years. This restoration was begun 536 B.C.,  "in the first year of Cyrus" Ezra 1:2-11.  The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah contain the history of the re-building of the city and temple, and the restoration of the kingdom of the Jews, consisting of a portion of all the tribes. The kingdom thus constituted was for two centuries under the dominion of Persia, till 331 B.C,  and thereafter, for about a century and a half, under the rulers of the Greek empire in Asia, till 167 B.C. For a century the Jews maintained their independence under native rulers, the Asmonean princes. At the close of this period they fell under the rule of Herod and of members of his family, but practically under Rome, till the time of the destruction of Jerusalem, 70 A.D. The city was then laid in ruins.


The modern Jerusalem by-and-by began to be built over the immense beds of rubbish resulting from the overthrow of the ancient city; and whilst it occupies certainly the same site, there are no evidences that even the lines of its streets are now what they were in the ancient city. Till A.D. 131 the Jews who still lingered about Jerusalem quietly submitted to the Roman sway. But in that year the emperor (Hadrian), in order to hold them in subjection, rebuilt and fortified the city. The Jews, however, took possession of it, having risen under the leadership of one Bar-Chohaba (i.e., "the son of the star") in revolt against the Romans. Some four years afterwards (A.D. 135), however, they were driven out of it with great slaughter, and the city was again destroyed; and over its ruins was built a Roman city called Aelia Capitolina, a name which it retained till it fell under the dominion of the Mohammedans, when it was called el-Khuds, i.e., "the holy."

In A.D. 326 Helena, mother of the emperor Constantine, made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem with the view of discovering the places mentioned in the life of our Lord. She caused a church to be built on what was then supposed to be the place of the nativity at Bethlehem. Constantine, animated by her example, searched for the holy sepulchre, and built over the supposed site a magnificent church, which was completed and dedicated A.D. 335. He relaxed the laws against the Jews till this time in force, and permitted them once a year to visit the city and wail over the desolation of "the holy and beautiful house."


In A.D. 614 the Persians, after defeating the Roman forces of the emperor Heraclius, took Jerusalem by storm, and retained it till A.D. 637, when it was taken by the Arabians under the Khalif Omar. It remained in their possession till it passed, in A.D. 960, under the dominion of the Fatimite khalifs of Egypt, and in A.D. 1073 under the Turcomans. In A.D. 1099 the crusader Godfrey of Bouillon took the city from the Moslems with great slaughter, and was elected king of Jerusalem. He converted the Mosque of Omar into a Christian cathedral. During the eighty-eight years which followed, many churches and convents were erected in the holy city. The Church of the Holy Sepulchre was rebuilt during this period, and it alone remains to this day. In A.D. 1187 the sultan Saladin wrested the city from the Christians. From that time to the present day, with few intervals, Jerusalem has remained in the hands of the Moslems. It has, however, during that period been again and again taken and retaken, demolished in great part and rebuilt, no city in the world having passed through so many vicissitudes.


In the year 1850 the Greek and Latin monks residing in Jerusalem had a fierce dispute about the guardianship of what are called the "holy places." In this dispute the emperor Nicholas of Russia sided with the Greeks, and Louis Napoleon, the emperor of the French, with the Latins. This led the Turkish authorities to settle the question in a way unsatisfactory to Russia. Out of this there sprang the Crimean War, which was protracted and sanguinary, but which had important consequences in the way of breaking down the barriers of Turkish exclusiveness.

Modern Jerusalem "lies near the summit of a broad mountain-ridge, which extends without interruption from the plain of Esdraelon to a line drawn between the southern end of the Dead Sea and the southeastern corner of the Mediterranean." This high, uneven table-land is everywhere from 20 to 25 geographical miles in breadth. It was anciently known as the mountains of Ephraim and Judah.


"Jerusalem is a city of contrasts, and differs widely from Damascus, not merely because it is a stone town in mountains, whilst the latter is a mud city in a plain, but because while in Damascus Moslem religion and Oriental custom are unmixed with any foreign element, in Jerusalem every form of religion, every nationality of East and West, is represented at one time."

Jerusalem is first mentioned under that name in the Book of Joshua, and the Tell-el-Amarna collection of tablets includes six letters from its Amorite king to Egypt, recording the attack of the Abiri about B.C. 1480. The name is there spelt Uru-Salim ??"city of peace"). Another monumental record in which the Holy City is named is that of Sennacherib's attack in B.C. 702. The "camp of the Assyrians" was still shown about A.D. 70, on the flat ground to the north-west, included in the new quarter of the city.


The city of David included both the upper city and Millo, and was surrounded by a wall built by David and Solomon, who appear to have restored the original Jebusite fortifications. The name Zion (or Sion) appears to have been, like Ariel ("the hearth of God"), a poetical term for Jerusalem, but in the Greek age was more specially used of the Temple hill. The priests' quarter grew up on Ophel, south of the Temple, where also was Solomon's Palace outside the original city of David. The walls of the city were extended by Jotham and Manasseh to include this suburb and the Temple II Chronicles 27:3 & 33:14. 


Jerusalem is now a town of some 50,000 inhabitants, with ancient mediaeval walls, partly on the old lines, but extending less far to the south. The traditional sites, as a rule, were first shown in the 4th and later centuries A.D., and have no authority. The results of excavation have, however, settled most of the disputed questions, the limits of the Temple area, and the course of the old walls having been traced.

 

TEMPLE: The temple erected by the exiles on their return from Babylon had stood for about five hundred years, when Herod the Great became king of Judea. The building had suffered considerably from natural decay as well as from the assaults of hostile armies, and Herod, desirous of gaining the favour of the Jews, proposed to rebuild it. This offer was accepted, and the work was begun in 18 B.C.,  and carried out at great labour and expense, and on a scale of surpassing splendour. The main part of the building was completed in ten years, but the erection of the outer courts and the embellishment of the whole were carried on during the entire period of our Lord's life on earth John 2:16-21,  and the temple was completed only A.D. 65. But it was not long permitted to exist. Within forty years after our Lord's crucifixion, his prediction of its overthrow was accomplished Luke 19:41-44. The Roman legions took the city of Jerusalem by storm, and notwithstanding the strenuous efforts Titus made to preserve the temple, his soldiers set fire to it in several places, and it was utterly destroyed A.D.70,  and was never rebuilt.

Several remains of Herod's stately temple have by recent explorations been brought to light. It had two courts, one intended for the Israelites only, and the other, a large outer court, called "the court of the Gentiles," intended for the use of strangers of all nations. These two courts were separated by a low wall, as Josephus states, some 4 1/2 feet high, with thirteen openings. Along the top of this dividing wall, at regular intervals, were placed pillars bearing in Greek an inscription to the effect that no stranger was, on the pain of death, to pass from the court of the Gentiles into that of the Jews. At the entrance to a graveyard at the north-western angle of the Haram wall, a stone was discovered by M. Ganneau in 1871, built into the wall, bearing the following inscription in Greek capitals: "No stranger is to enter within the partition wall and enclosure around the sanctuary. Whoever is caught will be responsible to himself for his death, which will ensue."


There can be no doubt that the stone thus discovered was one of those originally placed on the boundary wall which separated the Jews from the Gentiles, of which Josephus speaks.

It is of importance to notice that the word rendered "sanctuary" in the inscription was used in a specific sense of the inner court, the court of the Israelites, and is the word rendered "temple" in John 2:15 & Acts 21:28-29. When Paul speaks of the middle wall of partition Ephesians 2:14, he probably makes allusion to this dividing wall. Within this partition wall stood the temple proper, consisting of, (1) the court of the women, 8 feet higher than the outer court; (2) 10 feet higher than this court was the court of Israel; (3) the court of the priests, again 3 feet higher; and lastly (4) the temple floor, 8 feet above that; thus in all 29 feet above the level of the outer court.

The summit of Mount Moriah, on which the temple stood, is now occupied by the Haram esh-Sherif, i.e., "the sacred enclosure." This enclosure is about 1,500 feet from north to south, with a breadth of about 1,000 feet, covering in all a space of about 35 acres. About the centre of the enclosure is a raised platform, 16 feet above the surrounding space, and paved with large stone slabs, on which stands the Mohammedan mosque called Kubbet es-Sahkra, or known as, the "Dome of the Rock," or the Mosque of Omar. This mosque covers the site of Solomon's temple. In the centre of the dome there is a bare, projecting rock, the highest part of Moriah,  measuring 60 feet by 40, standing 6 feet above the floor of the mosque, called the sahkra, i.e., "rock." Over this rock the altar of burnt-offerings stood. It was the threshing-floor of Araunah the Jebusite. The exact position on this "sacred enclosure" which the temple occupied has not been yet definitely ascertained. Some affirm that Herod's temple covered the site of Solomon's temple and palace, and in addition enclosed a square of 300 feet at the south-western angle. The temple courts thus are supposed to have occupied the southern portion of the "enclosure," forming in all a square of more than 900 feet. It is argued by others that Herod's temple occupied a square of 600 feet at the south-west of the "enclosure."


PINNACLE OF THE TEMPLE:  The Pinnacle of the Temple is a little wing,  Matthew 45 & Luke 4:9, on the southern side of the temple court was a range of porches or cloisters forming three arcades. At the south-eastern corner the roof of this cloister was some 300 feet above the Kidron valley. The pinnacle, some parapet or wing-like projection, was above this roof, and hence at a great height, probably 350 feet or more above the valley.




MATTHEW 4:6


[6] And saith unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down: for it is written, He shall give his angels charge concerning thee: and in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone.
 
Hebrews 1:4...Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.
 
Lucifer is very much aware of the relationship of Jesus with the angels.  Mind you, I did not say was, I said is.
 
Notice even here in Matthew 4:11, after Jesus' bout with the devil, the angels came and ministered unto Him.  Please note also Mark 1:13.
 
We see that during the birth of Jesus it was angels that protected and gave guidance to Mary, Joseph and the child. 

Matthew 1:20...But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost.
 
Matthew 1:24...Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took unto him his wife:
 
Matthew 2:13...And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.
 
Matthew 2:19...But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appeareth in a dream to Joseph in Egypt,
 
Matthew 28:2...And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it.
 

Matthew 28:5...And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it.
 
Also, look at Luke chapters 1 & 2, at the activities of angels in the birth of Jesus and the various announcements of His birth.
 
Jesus announced at His arrest that if He chose to, He could summons twelve legions of angels to come and rescue Him.  If Jesus were using a Roman legion as measurement, this means He could have called for 72,000 warring angels to come down and rescue Him at that precise moment.  However, Jesus attention was not on being rescued, but actually making it to the cross.
 
Matthew 26:53...Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, and he shall presently give me more than twelve legions of angels?
 
Here in Matthew 4:6, the devil is quoting from Psalms 91:11-12.
 
Psalms 91:11-12...For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways.  [12] They shall bear thee up in their hands, lest thou dash thy foot against a stone.
 
Notice that the devil quotes from Psalms 91:11-12 by misquoting it. 




MATTHEW 4:7


[7] Jesus said unto him, It is written again, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.
 
TEMPT: The English word tempt comes from the Greek word ekpeirazo.  It means to put to trial; to prove; to test; to try. To lead, or endeavor to lead, into evil; to entice to what is wrong; to seduce. To endeavor to persuade; to induce; to invite; to incite; to provoke; to instigate. To endeavor to accomplish or reach; to attempt.
 
Notice in this verse two specific truths which Jesus Himself states.  First, is that He is God.  The devil is tempting Jesus.  And Jesus tells the devil that he should not tempt God.
 
Second, is that the Lord Jesus is the God of the devil.  Even though the devil, in Isaiah 14:12-17, attempting an unsuccessful coup against God, this does  not mean that God ceases being the God of the devil.  And that someday, this rebellious devil will have divine retribution imposed upon him as per Revelation 20:10.




MATTHEW 4:8


[8] Again, the devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain, and sheweth him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them;
 
The devil took the kingdoms of this world and placed them on display like one would a product that is for sale.  Here we have the devil attempting to induce Jesus to relinquish His obedience to God the Father, and pledge His allegiance to Satan the devil.
 
The devil wanted to show Jesus the order and arrangement of the world.  In Greco/Roman civilization,  the ultimate goal is the conception of beauty.  However, for the Greco/Romans to achieve this level of beauty, there first had to be order and arrangement.  The devil wanted Jesus to see such order and arrangement and the beauty in which it conceived. 
 
The devil is also known as the ruler of this world.  We see this in John 12:31; 14:30 & 16:11.  This would seem to refer to his influence over the government of this world.  Jesus did not dispute Satan's claim to some sort of right here in the planet.  God, however,  has determined definite bounds for him and when the time comes he will br superseded by the rule of the Lord Jesus.  It is the Lord Jesus that has the ultimate right to rule. 
 
The devil always has a way of making the world look so inviting when he is attempting to lure you away from Christ to himself.
 
In the devil's anxiousness to best the Lord Jesus, he forgot tow fundamental truths from the Scriptures:
 
Mark 8:36...For what shall it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul?
 
John 18:36...Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence.




MATTHEW 4:9


[9] And saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me.
 
Originally, Satan was an angel closely linked to God Himself.  Then Satan attempted to become his own independent force.  Then Satan abuses his freedoms by attempting to overthrow God, and as we see here in Matthew 4, attempts to get God to worship him.
 
Does this destroy monotheism?  By no means.  Satan is a creation of God who, in the final end, will meet his own destruction at the hands of the God who created him. 
 
The worship in which the devil demands here, is the worship only saved for and ascribed to deity.  Satan is suggesting that Jesus worship him as creation would worship a deity.
 
The suggestion of falling down to worship would be a sign of absolute surrender to God Himself.




MATTHEW 4:10


[10] Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.
 
Exodus 20:3...Thou shalt have no other gods before me.
 
Deuteronomy 6:13...Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear by his name.
 
Deuteronomy 10:20...Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God; him shalt thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave, and swear by his name.
 
The devil was asking Jesus to fall down on his face and to worship the devil with a very deep, heart surrendered,  devotion and passion.




MATTHEW 4:11


[11] Then the devil leaveth him, and, behold, angels came and ministered unto him.
 
The Bible is never quite clear in what way the angels ministered unto Christ after such horrendous combat with the devil.  It is interesting that the Greek word diakonew/diakoneo can also mean to serve or servitude. 




MATTHEW  4:12


[12] Now when Jesus had heard that John was cast into prison, he departed into Galilee;
 
GALILEE:  The word/name Galilee means Circuit. Solomon rewarded Hiram for certain services rendered him by the gift of an upland plain among the mountains of Naphtali. Hiram was dissatisfied with the gift, and called it "the land of Cabul" (q.v.). The Jews called it Galil. It continued long to be occupied by the original inhabitants, and hence came to be called "Galilee of the Gentiles" Matthew 4:15,  and also "Upper Galilee," to distinguish it from the extensive addition afterwards made to it toward the south, which was usually called "Lower Galilee." In the time of our Lord, Galilee embraced more than one-third of Western Palestine, extending "from Dan on the north, at the base of Mount Hermon, to the ridges of Carmel and Gilboa on the south, and from the Jordan valley on the east away across the splendid plains of Jezreel and Acre to the shores of the Mediterranean on the west." Palestine was divided into three provinces, Judea, Samaria, and Galilee, which comprehended the whole northern section of the country Acts 9:31, and was the largest of the three.

It was the scene of some of the most memorable events of Jewish history. Galilee also was the home of our Lord during at least thirty years of his life. The first three Gospels are chiefly taken up with our Lord's public ministry in this province. "The entire province is encircled with a halo of holy associations connected with the life, works, and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth." "It is noteworthy that of his thirty-two beautiful parables, no less than ninteen were spoken in Galilee. And it is no less remarkable that of his entire thirty-three great miracles, twenty-five were wrought in this province. His first miracle was wrought at the wedding in Cana of Galilee, and his last, after his resurrection, on the shore of Galilee's sea. In Galilee our Lord delivered the Sermon on The Mount, and the discourses on `The Bread of Life,' on `Purity,' on 'Forgiveness,' and on `Humility.' In Galilee he called his first disciples; and there occurred the sublime scene of the Transfiguration" (Porter's Through Samaria).

When the Sanhedrin were about to proceed with some plan for the condemnation of our Lord John 7:45-52,  Nicodemus interposed in his behalf. Note here Deuteronomy 1:16-17 & 17:8.  They replied, "Art thou also of Galilee?.... Out of Galilee ariseth no prophet." This saying of theirs was "not historically true, for two prophets at least had arisen from Galilee, Jonah of Gath-hepher, and the greatest of all the prophets, Elijah of Thisbe, and perhaps also Nahum and Hosea. Their contempt for Galilee made them lose sight of historical accuracy" (Alford, Com.).

The Galilean accent differed from that of Jerusalem in being broader and more guttural Mark 14:70. 

The Sea of Galilee, Matthew 4:18 & 15:29, is mentioned in the Bible under three other names.

 In the Old Testament it is called the "sea of Chinnereth" Numbers 34:11; Joshua 12:3 & 13:27,  as is supposed from its harp-like shape. The "lake of Gennesareth" in Luke 5:1.

John 6:1 & 21:1, calls it the "sea of Tiberias"  The modern Arabs retain this name, Bahr Tabariyeh.

This lake is 12 1/2 miles long, and from 4 to 7 1/2 broad. Its surface is 682 feet below the level of the Mediterranean. Its depth is from 80 to 160 feet. The Jordan enters it 10 1/2 miles below the southern extremity of the Huleh Lake, or about 26 1/2 miles from its source. In this distance of 26 1/2 miles there is a fall in the river of 1,682 feet, or of more than 60 feet to the mile. It is 27 miles east of the Mediterranean, and about 60 miles north-east of Jerusalem. It is of an oval shape, and abounds in fish.

Its present appearance is thus described: "The utter loneliness and absolute stillness of the scene are exceedingly impressive. It seems as if all nature had gone to rest, languishing under the scorching heat. How different it was in the days of our Lord! Then all was life and bustle along the shores; the cities and villages that thickly studded them resounded with the hum of a busy population; while from hill-side and corn-field came the cheerful cry of shepherd and ploughman. The lake, too, was dotted with dark fishing-boats and spangled with white sails. Now a mournful, solitary silence reigns over sea and shore. The cities are in ruins!"

This sea is chiefly of interest as associated with the public ministry of our Lord. Capernaum, "his own city" Matthew 9:1, stood on its shores. From among the fishermen who plied their calling on its waters he chose Peter and his brother Andrew, and James and John, to be disciples, and sent them forth to be "fishers of men" Matthew 4:18-22; Mark 1:16:20 & Luke 5:1-11.  He stilled its tempest, saying to the storm that swept over it, "Peace, be still" Matthew 8:23-27 & Mark 7:31-35,  and here also he showed himself after his resurrection to his disciples in John 21.

"The Sea of Galilee is indeed the cradle of the gospel. The subterranean fires of nature prepared a lake basin, through which a river afterwards ran, keeping its waters always fresh. In this basin a vast quantity of shell-fish swarmed, and multiplied to such an extent that they formed the food of an extraordinary profusion of fish. The great variety and abundance of the fish in the lake attracted to its shores a larger and more varied population than existed elsewhere in Palestine, whereby this secluded district was brought into contact with all parts of the world. And this large and varied population, with access to all nations and countries, attracted the Lord Jesus, and induced him to make this spot the centre of his public ministry."





MATTHEW 4:13


[13] And leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the sea coast, in the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim:
 
NAZARETH: The word/name Nazareth meaning separated, generally supposed to be the Greek form of the Hebrew netser, a "shoot" or "sprout." Some, however, think that the name of the city must be connected with the name of the hill behind it, from which one of the finest prospects in Palestine is obtained, and accordingly they derive it from the Hebrew notserah, i.e., one guarding or watching, thus designating the hill which overlooks and thus guards an extensive region.
 

This city is not mentioned in the Old Testament. It was the home of Joseph and Mary Luke 2:39,  and here the angel announced to the Virgin the birth of the Messiah Luke 1:26-28.  Here Jesus grew up from his infancy to manhood  Luke 4:16,  and here he began his public ministry in the synagogue Matthew 13:54,  at which the people were so offended that they sought to cast him down from the precipice whereon their city was built Luke 4:29.  Twice they expelled him from their borders Matthew 13:54-58, and he finally retired from the city, where he did not many mighty works because of their unbelief Matthew 13:58,  and took up his residence in Capernaum.

Nazareth is situated among the southern ridges of Lebanon, on the steep slope of a hill, about 14 miles from the Sea of Galilee and about 6 west from Mount Tabor. It is identified with the modern village en-Nazirah, of six or ten thousand inhabitants. It lies "as in a hollow cup" lower down upon the hill than the ancient city. The main road for traffic between Egypt and the interior of Asia passed by Nazareth near the foot of Tabor, and thence northward to Damascus.

It is supposed from the words of Nathanael in John 1:46, that the city of Nazareth was held in great disrepute, either because, it is said, the people of Galilee were a rude and less cultivated class, and were largely influenced by the Gentiles who mingled with them, or because of their lower type of moral and religious character. But there seems to be no sufficient reason for these suppositions. The Jews believed that, according to Micah 5:2,  the birth of the Messiah would take place at Bethlehem, and nowhere else. Nathanael held the same opinion as his countrymen, and believed that the great "good" which they were all expecting could not come from Nazareth. This is probably what Nathanael meant. Moreover, there does not seem to be any evidence that the inhabitants of Galilee were in any respect inferior, or that a Galilean was held in contempt, in the time of our Lord.

 

CAPERNAUM:  Capernaum, also known as Nahum's town, is a Galilean city frequently mentioned in the history of our Lord. It is not mentioned in the Old Testament. After our Lord's expulsion from Nazareth Matthew 4:13-16 & Luke 4:16-31. Capernaum became his "own city." It was the scene of many Acts and incidents of his life Matthew 8:5-15; 9:2-17; 15"1-20 & Mark 1:32-34.  The impenitence and unbelief of its inhabitants after the many evidences our Lord gave among them of the truth of his mission, brought down upon them a heavy denunciation of judgement Matthew 11:23. 

It stood on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee. The "land of Gennesaret," near, if not in, which it was situated, was one of the most prosperous and crowded districts of Palestine. This city lay on the great highway from Damascus to Acco and Tyre. It has been identified with Tell Hum, about two miles south-west of where the Jordan flows into the lake. Here are extensive ruins of walls and foundations, and also the remains of what must have been a beautiful synagogue, which it is conjectured may have been the one built by the centurion Luke 7:5,  in which our Lord frequently taught John 6:59; Mark 1:21 & Luke 4:33.  Others have conjectured that the ruins of the city are to be found at Khan Minyeh, some three miles further to the south on the shore of the lake. "If Tell Hum be Capernaum, the remains spoken of are without doubt the ruins of the synagogue built by the Roman centurion, and one of the most sacred places on earth. It was in this building that our Lord gave the well-known discourse in John 6, and it was not without a certain strange feeling that on turning over a large block we found the pot of manna engraved on its face, and remembered the words, `I am that bread of life: your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead." 





MATTHEW 4:14


[14] That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying,
In this verse we see things about Isaiah.  First, that he was a man called of the very God Himself.  Thus, making the Isaiah manuscript authentic and authoritative.  Secondly, that Isaiah was indeed called of God  to   be   a   prophet.   Thus,  again,  making the Isaiah manuscript authentic and authoritative.




MATTHEW 4:15


[15] The land of Zabulon, and the land of Nephthalim, by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles;
 
Genesis 49:21...Naphtali is a hind let loose: he giveth goodly words.
 
Joshua 19:32...The sixth lot came out to the children of Naphtali, even for the children of Naphtali according to their families.

Isaiah 9:1-2...Nevertheless the dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation, when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict her by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, in Galilee of the nations. [2] The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined.




MATTHEW 4:16


[16] The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up.
Before the first advent of Christ, the human race sat in both intellectual as well as spiritual darkness or ignorance.  However, with the coming of Christ to this earth, what once was darkness turned into light.  That is, what was once spiritual and intellectual ignorance that would lead to an eternity in hell, was turned into an intellectual and spiritual light that would lead to life everlasting. 
 
John 1:6-13...There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. [7] The same came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all men through him might believe.  [8] He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light. [9] That was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world. [10] He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not. [11] He came unto his own, and his own received him not. [12] But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name: [13] Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.




MATTHEW 4:17


[17] From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.
 
There are three Greek words used in the New Testament to denote REPENT/REPENTANCE:

1. The verb metamelomai is used of a change of mind, such as to produce regret or even remorse on account of sin, but not necessarily a change of heart. This word is used with reference to the repentance of Judas Matthew 27:3.

2.  Metanoeo, meaning to change one's mind and purpose, as the result of after knowledge.

3.  The cognate noun metanoia, is used of true repentance, a change of mind and purpose and life, to which remission of sin is promised.

Evangelical repentance consists of, a true sense of one's own guilt and sinfulness;  an apprehension of God's mercy in Christ and an actual hatred of sin Psalms 119:128; Job 42:5-6 & II Corinthians 7:10, and turning from it to God; and a persistent endeavour after a holy life in a walking with God in the way of his commandments.

The true penitent is conscious of guilt Psalms 51:4-9;  of pollution Psalms 51:7-10,  and of helplessness Psalms 51:11 & 109:21-22.  Thus, he apprehends himself to be just what God has always seen him to be and declares him to be. But repentance comprehends not only such a sense of sin, but also an apprehension of mercy, without which there can be no true repentance Psalms 51:1 & 130:4.





MATTHEW 4:18


[18] And Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren, Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers.
 
The Apostles were not special theologians or philosophers of bible doctrine.  They were regular everyday people who had enough vision to wonder what would happen if they were to put their lives into the hands of Jesus and see what Jesus would with there lives?




MATTHEW 4:18


[18] And Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren, Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers.
 
The Apostles were not special theologians or philosophers of bible doctrine.  They were regular everyday people who had enough vision to wonder what would happen if they were to put their lives into the hands of Jesus and see what Jesus would with there lives?




MATTHEW 4:20


[20] And they straightway left their nets, and followed him.
In verse 19, Jesus gives Peter and Andrew a definitive instruction.  Leave your current business, and follow Me.  And where Peter and Andrew had been fishers of fish, now Jesus wanted them to become Fishers of Men. That being, becoming Missionary/Evangelist for the lost souls of mankind.
 
Verse 20 tells us the Peter and Andrew's response was immediate.  The wording used for Matthew 4:20, is that Peter and Andrew "IMMEDIATELY" abandoned their business and lifestyle to follow Jesus.  It was an immediate response to an immediate instruction.




MATTHEW 4:21


[21] And going on from thence, he saw other two brethren, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in a ship with Zebedee their father, mending their nets; and he called them.
 
JAMES:  James was the son of Zebedee and Salome; an elder brother of John the apostle. He was one of the twelve. He was by trade a fisherman, in partnership with Peter Matthew 20:20 & 27:56.  With John and Peter he was present at the transfiguration Matthew 17:1 & Mark 9:2, at the raising of Jairus's daughter Mark 5:37-43, and in the garden with our Lord 14:33. Because, probably, of their boldness and energy, he and John were called Boanerges,  or else known as, "sons of thunder." He was the first martyr among the apostles, having been beheaded by King Herod Agrippa Acts 21:1-2, 44 A.D.  Please note also Matthew 4:21 & 20:20-23.
 

JOHN: John, the Apostle, was the brother of James the "Greater" Matthew 4:21; 10:2; Mark 1:19; 3:17 & 10:35. He was one, probably the younger, of the sons of Zebedee Matthew 4:21 and Salome Matthew 27:56 & Mark 15:40,  and was born at Bethsaida. His father was apparently a man of some wealth Mark 1:20; Luke 5:3 & John 19:27.  He was doubtless trained in all that constituted the ordinary education of Jewish youth. When he grew up he followed the occupation of a fisherman on the Lake of Galilee. When John the Baptist began his ministry in the wilderness of Judea, John, with many others, gathered round him, and was deeply influenced by his teaching. There he heard the announcement, "Behold the Lamb of God," and forthwith, on the invitation of Jesus, became a disciple and ranked among his followers John 1:36-37 for a time. He and his brother then returned to their former avocation, for how long is uncertain. Jesus again called them Matthew 4:21 & Luke 5:1-11.  And now they left all and permanently attached themselves to the company of his disciples. He became one of the innermost circle  Matthew 17:1; 26:37; Mark 5:37 & 13:3.  He was the disciple whom Jesus loved. In zeal and intensity of character he was a "Boanerges" Mark 3:17.  This spirit once and again broke out Matthew 20:20-24; Mark 10:35-41 & Luke 9:49-54. At the betrayal he and Peter follow Christ afar off, while the others betake themselves to hasty flight John 18:15. At the trial he follows Christ into the council chamber, and thence to the praetorium 18:16-28 and to the place of crucifixion 19:27-27.  To him and Peter, Mary first conveys tidings of the resurrection 20:2,  and they are the first to go and see what her strange words mean. After the resurrection he and Peter again return to the Sea of Galilee, where the Lord reveals himself to them 21:1-7.  We find Peter and John frequently after this together Acts 3:1 & 4:13. John remained apparently in Jerusalem as the leader of the church there Acts 15:6 & Galatians 2:9.  His subsequent history is unrecorded. He was not there, however, at the time of Paul's last visit Acts 21:15-40.   He appears to have retired to Ephesus, but at what time is unknown. The seven churches of Asia were the objects of his special care Revelation 1:11.  He suffered under persecution, and was banished to Patmos 1:9, whence he again returned to Ephesus, where he died, probably about 98 A.D., having outlived all or nearly all the friends and companions even of his maturer years. There are many interesting traditions regarding John during his residence at Ephesus, but these cannot claim the character of historical truth.

ZEBEDEE: Zebedee was a Galilean fisherman, the husband of Salome (q.v.), and the father of James and John, two of our Lord's disciples Matthew 4:21; 27:56 & Mark 15:40.   He seems to have been a man of some position in Capernaum, for he had two boats Luke 5:4 and "hired servants" Mark 1:20 of his own. No mention is made of him after the call of his two sons by Jesus.





MATTHEW 4:22


[22] And they immediately left the ship and their father, and followed him.
It is possible that Jesus would have such an effect on people that His beckoning call, they would immediately leave their life and loved ones to go off with Him on his numerous missionary journeys. 
 
More than likely Zebedee and his sons have not only met Jesus on numerous occasions, but they have heard Him preach and teach. It is even possible that Jesus has visited them, and has been shown hospitality in their home. 
 
But what must be done here is to take the wording of this verse at face value.  Jesus told their two boys to drip their nets, their ship, their life, their family and their home.  And come follow Him.




MATTHEW 4:23


[23] And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing all manner of sickness and all manner of disease among the people.
Jesus went throughout Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, preaching the good news of the kingdom, and healing every disease and sickness among the people.  News about Him spread all over Syria, and people brought to Him all who were itt with various diseases, pain and demon possession.
 
In this verse you see the threefold ministry of Jesus:
1.  Teaching
2.  Preaching
3.  Healing
 
Public teaching was one of the primary functions of Jesus' ministry.  It seems He would speak as a father trying to encourage his son.
 
Isaiah 52:7...How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace; that bringeth good tidings of good, that publisheth salvation; that saith unto Zion, Thy God reigneth!
 

The Gospel is not just about preaching and speaking.  The Gospel is the proclamation of God's authority and power.  Signs and wonders accompany the Evangelical Message.  The two belong together for WORD is powerful and effective.  The proclamation of the age of grace, of the rule of God, creates a healthy state in every respect.  Bodily disorders are healed and man's relation to God is set right.  Joy reigns where WORD is proclaimed. 
 
This is not the word of mere man, but, living and eternal WORD.  Holy Spirit, who was sought for the day of Salvation, attests Himself now in the fulfilment when the glad tiding are proclaimed.  Hence, the Gospel is the offer of Salvation.  It is the powerful proclamation of the good news, the impartation of soteria.  All of this would be missed without WORD proclaiming the Gospel.
 
When it comes to the understanding of the Gospel, you will notice that Matthew and Mark coincide perfectly in their mutual understanding of the Gospel proclamation of WORD.
 
When it comes to the Greek word therapeuo, it is used much more often in the sense of "to heal," and always in such a way that the reference is not to medical treatment, which might fail, but to real healing.  Among the full powers of  WORD, is His power to heal the sick.  Whether it be the exorcism of the soul, or the healing of body and/or mind.
 
The healing ministry of Jesus is less closely connected with the synagogue that His preaching ministry.  Yet, according to Mark and Luke the first ministry of healing takes place in the synagogue. 
 
Teaching would usually take place in the synagogue.  While proclamation would usually take place in an open/public forum.

Matthew 9:35...And Jesus went about all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every sickness and every disease among the people.

The synagogue of Galilee would prove to be the primary center of Jesus' ministry.  It would be here that Jesus teaching would prove to be the most confrontational.  And it would be here that Jesus would declare His exousia:
 
Mark 1:22...And they were astonished at his doctrine: for he taught them as one that had authority, and not as the scribes.




MATTHEW 4:24


[24] And his fame went throughout all Syria: and they brought unto him all sick people that were taken with divers diseases and torments, and those which were possessed with devils, and those which were lunatick, and those that had the palsy; and he healed them.
The torments spoken of here are those of satanic origin.  In the Bible we see that there is no sickness which Jesus could not master.  People came all regions for Him to address their sicknesses. 

Mark 1:32-33...And at even, when the sun did set, they brought unto him all that were diseased, and them that were possessed with devils.  [33] And all the city was gathered together at the door.
 
Luke 4:40...Now when the sun was setting, all they that had any sick with divers diseases brought them unto him; and he laid his hands on every one of them, and healed them.
 
At the time Syria was a district of ten cities in which Damascus was the capitol.  Today, Damascus is still the capitol of Syria. 
Lunatick was the insane while the palsy meant paralyzed in general.
 
The Greek word daimonizomai can be translated under demonic influence or to be demonized.  This Greek word appears thirteen times in the New Testament.  Matthew 4:24; 8:16; 28; 33; 9:32; 12:11 & 15:22.  To be badly demonized can be found in Mark 1:32; 5:15-18; Luke 8:36 & John 10:21. 
 
All of the afore mentioned incidences would indicate quite severe demonic influence.  In light of this, it is perhaps better to reserve the English word demonized for more extreme or sever cases. 
 
Bible historians Justin Martyr, Tertullian & Shepherd of Hermas make mention in their writings of significant demon activity  in the times of Jesus.




MATTHEW 4:25


[25] And there followed him great multitudes of people from Galilee, and from Decapolis, and from Jerusalem, and from Judaea, and from beyond Jordan.
 
DECAPOLIS:  The word/name Decapolis means ten cities=deka, ten, and polis, a city, a district on the east and south-east of the Sea of Galilee containing "ten cities," which were chiefly inhabited by Greeks. It included a portion of Bashan and Gilead, and is mentioned three times in the New Testament Matthew 4:25; Mark 5:20 & 7:31. These cities were Scythopolis, or better known as, "city of the Scythians", ancient Bethshean, the only one of the ten cities on the west of Jordan, Hippos, Gadara, Pella, to which the Christians fled just before the destruction of Jerusalem, Philadelphia ancient Rabbath-ammon, Gerasa, Dion, Canatha, Raphana, and Damascus. When the Romans conquered Syria, 65 B.C., they rebuilt, and endowed with certain privileges, these "ten cities," and the province connected with them they called "Decapolis."