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The Clear Word 

A Ministry Of Mid-State Bible Fellowship 

 

MATTHEW 13

 
MATTHEW 13:1


[1] The same day went Jesus out of the house, and sat by the sea side.
 

Matthew 13:1 begins with the words "The same day."  Which gives us the question "The same day as what?"  It would be the same day that the events of Matthew 12:46-50 took place.
 
Apparently, Jesus needed to be alone for a while.  He resorted Himself down to the sea shore to a certain location.  As we will now see, His whereabouts were not secret for long. 
 



MATTHEW 13:2


[2] And great multitudes were gathered together unto him, so that he went into a ship, and sat; and the whole multitude stood on the shore.
 
One very common trait about the ministry of Jesus, is that where ever He went, the multitudes of people would literally throng Him:
 
Mark 3:9...And he spake to his disciples, that a small ship should wait on him because of the multitude, lest they should throng him.
 
Mark 5:24...And Jesus went with him; and much people followed him, and thronged him.
 
Luke 8:42:...For he had one only daughter, about twelve years of age, and she lay a dying. But as he went the people thronged him.
 
Luke 8:45...And Jesus said, Who touched me? When all denied, Peter and they that were with him said, Master, the multitude throng thee and press thee, and sayest thou, Who touched me?
 
One of the many reasons which great multitudes of people would follow Him would be His style of teaching.  Jesus spoke with great authority.  This means that not only did He know for certain what He was talking about when He taught, but His teaching also demonstrated great courage in it's presentation. 
 
Matthew 7:29:...For he taught them as one having authority, and not as the scribes.
 
Mark 1:22...And they were astonished at his doctrine: for he taught them as one that had authority, and not as the scribes.
 



MATTHEW 13:3


[3] And he spake many things unto them in parables, saying, Behold, a sower went forth to sow;
 
PARABLE: a placing beside. Ordinarily, in a more restricted sense, a comparison of earthly with heavenly things, "an earthly story with a heavenly meaning," as in the parables of our Lord.
1. Instruction by parables has been in use from the earliest times. A large portion of our Lord's public teaching consisted of parables. He himself explains his reasons for this in his answer to the inquiry of the disciples, "Why speakest thou to them in parables?" Matthew 13:13-15; Mark 4 :11-12 & Luke 8:9-10. He followed in so doing the rule of the divine procedures, as recorded in Matthew 13:13.  

The parables uttered by our Lord are all recorded in the Synoptic Gospels.  The fourth Gospel, The Gospel of John,  contains no parable properly so called, although the illustration of the good shepherd John 10:1-16 has all the essential features of a parable.
 



MATTHEW 13:4


[4] And when he sowed, some seeds fell by the way side, and the fowls came and devoured them up:
Mark 4:1-20...And he began again to teach by the sea side: and there was gathered unto him a great multitude, so that he entered into a ship, and sat in the sea; and the whole multitude was by the sea on the land.
[2] And he taught them many things by parables, and said unto them in his doctrine,
[3] Hearken; Behold, there went out a sower to sow:
[4] And it came to pass, as he sowed, some fell by the way side, and the fowls of the air came and devoured it up.
[5] And some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth; and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth:
[6] But when the sun was up, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away.
[7] And some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded no fruit.
[8] And other fell on good ground, and did yield fruit that sprang up and increased; and brought forth, some thirty, and some sixty, and some an hundred.
[9] And he said unto them, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.[10] And when he was alone, they that were about him with the twelve asked of him the parable.
[11] And he said unto them, Unto you it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without, all these things are done in parables:
[12] That seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not understand; lest at any time they should be converted, and their sins should be forgiven them.
[13] And he said unto them, Know ye not this parable? and how then will ye know all parables?
[14] The sower soweth the word.
[15] And these are they by the way side, where the word is sown; but when they have heard, Satan cometh immediately, and taketh away the word that was sown in their hearts.
[16] And these are they likewise which are sown on stony ground; who, when they have heard the word, immediately receive it with gladness;
[17] And have no root in themselves, and so endure but for a time: afterward, when affliction or persecution ariseth for the word's sake, immediately they are offended.
[18] And these are they which are sown among thorns; such as hear the word,
[19] And the cares of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of other things entering in, choke the word, and it becometh unfruitful.
[20] And these are they which are sown on good ground; such as hear the word, and receive it, and bring forth fruit, some thirtyfold, some sixty, and some an hundred.
 
Luke 8:4-15...And when much people were gathered together, and were come to him out of every city, he spake by a parable:
[5] A sower went out to sow his seed: and as he sowed, some fell by the way side; and it was trodden down, and the fowls of the air devoured it.
[6] And some fell upon a rock; and as soon as it was sprung up, it withered away, because it lacked moisture.
[7] And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprang up with it, and choked it.
[8] And other fell on good ground, and sprang up, and bare fruit an hundredfold. And when he had said these things, he cried, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
[9] And his disciples asked him, saying, What might this parable be?
[10] And he said, Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God: but to others in parables; that seeing they might not see, and hearing they might not understand.
[11] Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God.
[12] Those by the way side are they that hear; then cometh the devil, and taketh away the word out of their hearts, lest they should believe and be saved.
[13] They on the rock are they, which, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, which for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away.
[14] And that which fell among thorns are they, which, when they have heard, go forth, and are choked with cares and riches and pleasures of this life, and bring no fruit to perfection.
[15] But that on the good ground are they, which in an honest and good heart, having heard the word, keep it, and bring forth fruit with patience.
 
In this context, fowl represents evil: 
Matthew 13:19...When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart. This is he which received seed by the way

Revelation 18:2...And he cried mightily with a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird.
 
Many times, a farmer would make a series of footpaths around his garden and then a network of footpaths throughout the garden itself for him to walk on and not damage his crops.  These footpaths were very hard and any seed landing on these footpaths would not penetrate the dirt and grow.  This made ready-available food for birds.
 
 


MATTHEW 13:5


[5] Some fell upon stony places, where they had not much earth: and forthwith they sprung up, because they had no deepness of earth:
The stony places represents shallow soil on top of subcutaneous rock. This made the roots and plants move upward prematurely and not be able to produce the desired fruit. 
 
Some new converts will associate themselves with Churches which have shallow preaching, shallow Bible teaching, shallow Bible theology and shallow Bible doctrine. 
 
These Churches are based more on entertainment and prosperity theology.  Thus, the new convert will never be able to maximize their potential in Christ as long as they would remain in this environment.  This is why the missionary/evangelist who brought this new one to Christ, must nurture the convert into a Church which can nurture this potential to it's full fruition. 
 
 


MATTHEW 13:6


[6] And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away.

Seeds, just like believers, would require depth of soil and moisture in order to grow and produce fruit.  As afore mentioned, many, and far too many, Churches of today do not offer such required depth.  They can only offer shallowness which eventually will bring about the believers eventually fading away. 
 



MATTHEW 13:7


[7] And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprung up, and choked them:
In verse 22 of this chapter explains this verse. 
 
Matthew 13:22...He also that received seed among the thorns is he that heareth the word; and the care of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, choke the word, and he becometh unfruitful.

Notice this is someone who heard the word.  This means this is a person who heart the Gospel Plan of Salvation and did actually say yes to Jesus.  After this, the devil will use cares and deceitfulness of this world to make the new convert unfruitful.  The devil knows that the new convert is truly saved and born again.  So the devil's now is to make the new convert unfruitful.  The key word here, is unfruitful. 
 



MATTHEW 13:8


[8] But other fell into good ground, and brought forth fruit, some an hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirtyfold.

When a new convert comes to Christ, they should be immediately placed with an experienced mentor in Christ.  This mentor would teach the new convert about their new found faith in Jesus.  Also, the new convert should be affiliated with a solid body of believers who will assist in the mentoring of the new convert.  With proper mentoring and teaching, this new convert in Christ can be an exceptionally great force for the cause of Christ. 
 



MATTHEW 13:9


[9] Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.
This expression is used fifteen times in the New Times and each time spoken by Jesus:
 
Matthew 11:15; 13:9; 13:43; Mark 4:9; 4:23; 7:16; Luke 8:8; Luke 14:35; Revelation 2:7; Revelation 2:11; Revelation 2:17; Revelation 2:29; Revelation 3:6; Revelation 3:13; Revelation 3: 22 & Revelation 13:9. 
 
The point of this saying is:
Those who are willing to hear the words of Jesus need to right now step up close and hear what He is about to say.  They should listen and take it to both heart and mind.
 
 

 
MATTHEW 13:10


[10] And the disciples came, and said unto him, Why speakest thou unto them in parables
 
Parable can mean an earthly story with a heavenly application. It can also mean a story brought along side to assist in making a valid point.  Jesus would use simple earthly events and everyday items, that His hearers would readily understand,  to make His Heavenly/Spiritual point.
 




MATTHEW 13:11


[11] He answered and said unto them, Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given.
This particular verse is intended for the disciples and the disciples only.  Jesus is telling them that the time has now come for them to grow up and begin accepting their responsibility in knowing the deeper things of God and the Word.  It is time for them to know and to understand the more maturer spiritual matters of God and His Holy Word.  The disciples are to now learn and know what someday they will be teaching the world. For now, it is the responsibility of the disciples to know the deeper things of God, not the world at large. 
 



MATTHEW 13:12


[12] For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath.
This has to do with those who listen to the teachings of Jesus or who listen to the Word of God.  There are two types of listeners.
 
First, are those who listen intently with their hearts and minds.  They want to hear and learn.  These listeners will gain a far abundance of knowledge and understanding.
 
However, secondly, for the halfhearted listener, the one's who do not care if they hear of not, they will gain some level of knowledge and understanding.  For even the halfhearted listener cannot help but glean some understanding.  However, the halfhearted listener will not attempt to protect and retain what they have learned. The devil will see to it that this knowledge is taken away.


 

MATTHEW 13:13


13] Therefore speak I to them in parables: because they seeing see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand.
The Hebrew public at large was fairly confident that Jesus, at the time, was the Messiah.  However, Jesus was attempting to teach them one thing, while they are looking for something else.
 
Jesus is attempting to teach them spiritual truths while they are waiting for Him for free them from Roman bondage.  This is creating a conflictive impasse. 
 
Therefore, Jesus uses parable to reach out to those who are there for spiritual and heavenly purposes.  For those who are there waiting for Jesus to free them from Roman bondage are looking directly at their Messiah and do not see their Messiah.  They listen to the words of their Messiah but they do not hear the words of their Messiah.
 
Jesus has many spiritual truths to convey to His followers.  He will use the parable method to reach out to those who are there to do the real growth in the real Christ. 
 



MATTHEW 13:14


[14] And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which saith, By hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and shall not perceive:
Isaiah 6:9-10...And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not.
[10] Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.
 
There were throngs of people who would come out everyday to hear Jesus teach and to watch His miracles.  They would look straight at Him and hear His words.  Yet there were those who refused to understand. 
 



MATTHEW 13:15


[15] For this people's heart is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and should understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.
 
 
To wax, which means to grow, gross means a laziness that leads to obesity.  In this case Jesus is thinking more of the spiritual.  The reason that the ears grow dull and the eyes are closed is a refusal of responsibility.  These are people who understand that if they hear the truth of the Gospel and see the truth of the Gospel, then they become responsible for receiving the Gospel. 
 
Therefore, if these hearers play ignorant to hearing the Gospel and play ignorant to seeing the truth of the Gospel, then in their very childish and immature minds, they will not be held responsible for the Gospel.  In their way of thinking, they will then not be held responsible for their accepting or rejecting the Gospel.  In this verse Jesus is confronting those who are too lazy to go to Heaven. 

Isaiah 6:9-10...And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not.
[10] Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.



MATTHEW 13:16


[16] But blessed are your eyes, for they see: and your ears, for they hear.
This verse is about the happiness that spiritual understanding can bring to your life. 
 
In Matthew 5:3-12, the word blessed is used a total of nine times.  It means that doing this particular thing that is being discussed, will bring great happiness to your life. 
 
In the case of Matthew 13:16, the key word would be understanding.  That when you come to the point in your logic and thinking, that Jesus is the true saving Messiah of mankind, and that your mind, heart and spirit truly grasps this fact, then this will bring great happiness to your life. 

Matthew 5:1-12...And seeing the multitudes, he went up into a mountain: and when he was set, his disciples came unto him: [2] And he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying, [3] Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. [4] Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted. [5] Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth. [6] Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled. [7] Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy. [8] Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God. [9] Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the children of God. [10] Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. [11] Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake. [12] Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you.
 



MATTHEW 13:17


[17] For verily I say unto you, That many prophets and righteous men have desired to see those things which ye see, and have not seen them; and to hear those things which ye hear, and have not heard them.
PROPHET: The word prophet comes from the Hebrew word nabi.  This Hebrew word means  "to bubble forth, as from a fountain, to utter."  Psalms 45:1.  This Hebrew word is the first and the most generally used for a prophet. In the time of Samuel another word, ro ?eh, "seer", began to be used I Samuel 9:9. It occurs seven times in reference to Samuel. Afterwards another word, hozeh, "seer" II Samuel 24:11, was employed. In I Chronicles 29:29,  all these three words are used: "Samuel the seer (ro'eh), Nathan the prophet (nabi'), Gad the seer" (hozeh). In Joshua 13:22,  Balaam is called (Heb.) a kosem "diviner," a word used only of a false prophet.

The "prophet" proclaimed the message given to him, as the "seer" beheld the vision of God Numbers 12:6-8.  Thus a prophet was a spokesman for God; he spake in God's name and by his authority Exodus 7:1.  He is the mouth by which God speaks to men Isaiah 51:16 & Jeremiah 1:9,  and hence what the prophet says is not of man but of God Acts 4:25; 28:25; II Peter 1:20-21 & Hebrews 3:7. Prophets were the immediate organs of God for the communication of his mind and will to men Deuteronomy 18:18-19.  The whole Word of God may in this general sense be spoken of as prophetic, inasmuch as it was written by men who received the revelation they communicated from God, no matter what its nature might be. The foretelling of future events was not a necessary but only an incidental part of the prophetic office. The great task assigned to the prophets whom God raised up among the people was "to correct moral and religious abuses, to proclaim the great moral and religious truths which are connected with the character of God, and which lie at the foundation of his government."

Any one being a spokesman for God to man might thus be called a prophet. Thus Enoch, Abraham, and the patriarchs, as bearers of God's message Genesis 20:7; Exodus 7:1 & Psalms 105:15,  as also Moses Deuteronomy 18:15; 34:10 & Hosea 12:13, are ranked among the prophets. The seventy elders of Israel Numbers 11:16-29,  "when the spirit rested upon them, prophesied;" Asaph and Jeduthun "prophesied with a harp" I Chronicles 25:3.  Miriam and Deborah were prophetesses Exodus 15:20 & Judges 4:4. The title thus has a general application to all who have messages from God to men.

But while the prophetic gift was thus exercised from the beginning, the prophetical order as such began with Samuel. Colleges, "schools of the prophets", were instituted for the training of prophets, who were constituted, a distinct order I Samuel 19:18-24; II Kings 2:3-15 & 4:28, which continued to the close of the Old Testament. Such "schools" were established at Ramah, Bethel, Gilgal, Gibeah, and Jericho. The "sons" or "disciples" of the prophets were young men II Kings 5:22 & 9:1-4,  who lived together at these different "schools" These young men were taught not only the rudiments of secular knowledge, but they were brought up to exercise the office of prophet, "to preach pure morality and the heart-felt worship of Jehovah, and to act along and co-ordinately with the priesthood and monarchy in guiding the state aright and checking all attempts at illegality and tyranny."

In New Testament times the prophetical office was continued. Our Lord is frequently spoken of as a prophet Luke 13:33 & 24:19.. He was and is the great Prophet of the Church. There was also in the Church a distinct order of prophets I Corinthians 12:28; Ephesians 2:20 & 3:5, who made new revelations from God. They differed from the "teacher," whose office it was to impart truths already revealed.
 
Many times we do not appreciate that which we have when it is right in front of us all the time. The Israelites had their Messiah right in front of them everyday.  They could follow Him around and hear His teachings all day and into the night.  They prophets were not afforded such a luxury.  They could only write of it and speak of it.  They could roll it over in their imaginations.  They prophets would have loved to have been able to meet the Messiah on the level which was afforded the Nation of Israel. 
 
Luke 8:11-15...Now the parable is this the way side are they that hear; then cometh the devil, and taketh away the word out of their hearts, lest they should believe and be saved. [13] They on the rock are they, which, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, which for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away. [14] And that which fell among thorns are they, which, when they have heard, go forth, and are choked with cares and riches and pleasures of this life, and bring no fruit to perfection. [15] But that on the good ground are they, which in an honest and good heart, having heard the word, keep it, and bring forth fruit with patience.
 
Luke 10:23-24...And he turned him unto his disciples, and said privately, Blessed are the eyes which see the things that ye see:
[24] For I tell you, that many prophets and kings have desired to see those things which ye see, and have not seen them; and to hear those things which ye hear, and have not heard them.
 



MATTHEW 13:18


[18] Hear ye therefore the parable of the sower.
Mark 4:1-20...And he began again to teach by the sea side: and there was gathered unto him a great multitude, so that he entered into a ship, and sat in the sea; and the whole multitude was by the sea on the land. [2] And he taught them many things by parables, and said unto them in his doctrine, [3] Hearken; Behold, there went out a sower to sow: [4] And it came to pass, as he sowed, some fell by the way side, and the fowls of the air came and devoured it up.[5] And some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth; and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth: [6] But when the sun was up, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away. [7] And some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded no fruit. [8] And other fell on good ground, and did yield fruit that sprang up and increased; and brought forth, some thirty, and some sixty, and some an hundred. [9] And he said unto them, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear. [10] And when he was alone, they that were about him with the twelve asked of him the parable. [11] And he said unto them, Unto you it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without, all these things are done in parables: [12] That seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not understand; lest at any time they should be converted, and their sins should be forgiven them. [13] And he said unto them, Know ye not this parable? and how then will ye know all parables? [14] The sower soweth the word. [15] And these are they by the way side, where the word is sown; but when they have heard, Satan cometh immediately, and taketh away the word that was sown in their hearts. [16] And these are they likewise which are sown on stony ground; who, when they have heard the word, immediately receive it with gladness; [17] And have no root in themselves, and so endure but for a time: afterward, when affliction or persecution ariseth for the word's sake, immediately they are offended. [18] And these are they which are sown among thorns; such as hear the word, [19] And the cares of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of other things entering in, choke the word, and it becometh unfruitful. [20] And these are they which are sown on good ground; such as hear the word, and receive it, and bring forth fruit, some thirtyfold, some sixty, and some an hundred.
 
Luke 8:4-15...And when much people were gathered together, and were come to him out of every city, he spake by a parable: [5] A sower went out to sow his seed: and as he sowed, some fell by the way side; and it was trodden down, and the fowls of the air devoured it. [6] And some fell upon a rock; and as soon as it was sprung up, it withered away, because it lacked moisture. [7] And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprang up with it, and choked it. [8] And other fell on good ground, and sprang up, and bare fruit an hundredfold. And when he had said these things, he cried, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear. [9] And his disciples asked him, saying, What might this parable be? [10] And he said, Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God: but to others in parables; that seeing they might not see, and hearing they might not understand. [11] Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God. [12] Those by the way side are they that hear; then cometh the devil, and taketh away the word out of their hearts, lest they should believe and be saved. [13] They on the rock are they, which, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, which for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away. [14] And that which fell among thorns are they, which, when they have heard, go forth, and are choked with cares and riches and pleasures of this life, and bring no fruit to perfection. [15] But that on the good ground are they, which in an honest and good heart, having heard the word, keep it, and bring forth fruit with patience.




MATTHEW 13:19


[19] When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart. This is he which received seed by the way side.
May I refer you to my notes in Matthew 13:3-9.




MATTHEW 13:20


[20] But he that received the seed into stony places, the same is he that heareth the word, and anon with joy receiveth
May I refer you to my notes Matthew 13:3-9.
 



MATTHEW 13:21


[21] Yet hath he not root in himself, but dureth for a while: for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, by and by he is offended.
May I refer you to my notes Matthew 13:3-9.
 


 
MATTHEW 13:22


[22] He also that received seed among the thorns is he that heareth the word; and the care of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, choke the word, and he becometh unfruitful.

May I refer you to my notes Matthew 13:3-9.




MATTHEW 13:23


[23] But he that received seed into the good ground is he that heareth the word, and understandeth it; which also beareth fruit, and bringeth forth, some an hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty.

May I refer you to my notes Matthew 13:3-9.




MATTHEW 13:24


[24] Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man which sowed good seed in his field:

PARABLE: A parable is a placing beside; a comparison;,  a similitude. In the Old Testament this is used to denote
 
Ordinarily, in a more restricted sense, a comparison of earthly with heavenly things, "an earthly story with a heavenly meaning," as in the parables of our Lord.
 
Instruction by parables has been in use from the earliest times. A large portion of our Lord's public teaching consisted of parables. He himself explains his reasons for this in his answer to the inquiry of the disciples, "Why speakest thou to them in parables?" Matthew 13:13-15; Mark 4:11-12 & Luke 8:9-10.  He followed in so doing the rule of the divine procedures, as recorded in Matthew 13:13.  

The parables uttered by our Lord are all recorded in the synoptical Gospels. The fourth Gospel contains no parable properly so called, although the illustration of the good shepherd John 10:1-16 has all the essential features of a parable.
 
In these parables Jesus is speaking of the seed being the Word or the proclaimed Word of God.  In the parable presented here in Matthew 13:24, a preacher proclaims the Salvation message of the Word of God.  There are those who hear this Word and not only become saved born again believers, but also become dynamic servants of Jesus Christ.  As we are now about to see, the devil is not going to leave this alone.
 


 
MATTHEW 13:25


[25] But while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went his way.
 
TARES: Tares is the bearded darnel, mentioned only in Matthew 13:25-30. It is the Lolium temulentum, a species of rye-grass, the seeds of which are a strong soporific poison. It bears the closest resemblance to wheat till the ear appears, and only then the difference is discovered. It grows plentifully in Syria and Palestine.
 
WHEAT: Wheat is one of the earliest cultivated grains. It bore the Hebrew name hittah, and was extensively cultivated in Palestine. There are various species of wheat. That which Pharaoh saw in his dream was the Triticum compositum which bears several ears upon one stalk Genesis 41:51.   The "fat of the kidneys of wheat" Deuteronomy 32:14  and the "finest of the wheat" Psalms 81:16 & 147:14, denote the best of the kind. It was exported from Palestine in great quantities I Kings 5:11; Ezekiel 27:17 & Acts 12:20.
Parched grains of wheat were used for food in Palestine Ruth 2:14; I Samuel 17:17 & II Samuel 17:28.  The disciples, under the sanction of the Mosaic law, Deuteronomy 23:25  plucked ears of corn, and rubbing them in their hands, ate the grain unroasted Matthew 12:1; Mark 2:23 & Luke 6:11. Before any of the wheat-harvest, however, could be eaten, the first-fruits had to be presented before the Lord Leviticus 23:14.
 
Many times a business competitor would plant tares into the wheat of a rival business competitor.  Once word that the lethal and extremely toxic tares had been found in the wheat of the competitor, this would make his wheat stock at market time impossible to sell.  Thus, driving the competition out of business. 




MATTHEW 13:27


[27] So the servants of the householder came and said unto him, Sir, didst not thou sow good seed in thy field? from whence then hath it tares?

According to the Greek wording in this verse, the field hands were quite disturbed by these turn of events.  Don't forget, it was their professional reputations at stake as well. 
 
We also see the professional resolve of the owner as well.  He had been careful to plant only the best top quality see available.  This would mean that come marked time, he would be getting a better price for his harvest.  The field hands, knowing the quality and expense of the seed, were very careful to be professional in their planting of seed.  This means that the stage is now set for a top quality harvest of top quality product.  Thus, bringing a top quality price at market. 
 
The farmers competitors know this. Meaning that the only way to stop the farmer is to plant tares in with the wheat.  But as we will now see, this is an experienced knowledgeable farmer.  He will immediately know what to do. 




MATTHEW 13:28


[28] He said unto them, An enemy hath done this. The servants said unto him, Wilt thou then that we go and gather them up?
The field hands are very eager to please their master.  If needs be, if he wants them to, they are prepared to return to the field and begin to one-by-one extract the tares from the wheat. 
 



MATTHEW 13:29


[29] But he said, Nay; lest while ye gather up the tares, ye root up also the wheat with them.
The field hands in their desire to please their master, did not really stop to think of the damage they could do to the wheat.  The master farmer shows patience and experience.  He knows that at this point in time, with the tares and wheat looks exactly alike, their would accidently pull up a good portion of the wheat. 
 
The enemies are counting on the master farmer being just as anxious as the field hands to pull up the tares.  They would not expecting patience and restraint. 
 



MATTHEW 13:30


[30] Let both grow together until the harvest: and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them: but gather the wheat into my barn.

The Parable of the Wheat and the Weeds, or Tares, is filled with spiritual significance and truth. But, in spite of the clear explanation of the parable that Jesus gave Matthew 13:36-43, this parable is very often misinterpreted. Many commentaries and sermons have attempted to use this story as an illustration of the condition of the church, noting that there are both true believers (the wheat) and false professors (the weeds) in both the church at large and individual local churches. While this may be true, Jesus distinctly explains that the field is not the church; it is the world as vs.38.
 
Even if He hadn't specifically told us the world is the setting of the story, it would still be obvious. The landowner tells the servants not to pull up the weeds in the field, but to leave them until the end of the age. If the field were the church, this command would directly contradict Jesus' teaching in Matthew 18, which tells us how to deal with unrepentant sinners in the church: they are to be put out of the fellowship and treated as unbelievers. Jesus never instructed us to let impenitent sinners remain in our midst until the end of the age. So, Jesus is teaching here about "the kingdom of heaven" vs. 24 in the world.
In the agricultural society of Christ's time, many farmers depended on the quality of their crops. An enemy sowing weeds would have sabotaged a business. The tares in the parable were likely darnel because that weed, until mature, appears as wheat. Without modern weed killers, what would a wise farmer do in such a dilemma? Instead of tearing out the wheat with the tares, the landowner in this parable wisely waited until the harvest. After harvesting the whole field, the tares could be separated and burned. The wheat would be saved in the barn.
 
In the explanation of parable, Christ declares that He Himself is the sower. He spreads His redeemed seed, true believers, in the field of the world. Through His grace, these Christians bear the fruit of the Spirit Galatians 5:22-24. Their presence on earth is the reason the "kingdom of heaven" is like the field of the world. When Jesus said, "The kingdom of heaven is at hand" Matthew 4:17 & Mark 3:2.  He meant the spiritual realm which exists on e teachers in the world who lead many astray. One has only to look at the latest televangelist scandal to know the world is filled with professing "Christians" whose ungodly actions bring reproach on the name of Christ. But we are not to pursue such people in an effort to destroy them. For one thing, we don't know if immature and innocent believers might be injured by our efforts. Further, one has only to look at the Spanish Inquisition, the Crusades, and the reign of "Bloody Mary" in England to see the results of men taking upon themselves the responsibility of separating true believers from false, a task reserved for God alone. Instead of requiring these false believers to be rooted out of the world, and possibly hurting immature believers in the process, Christ allows them to remain until His return. At that time, angels will separate the true from false believers. arth side by side with the realm of the evil one 1 John 5:19. When the kingdom of heaven comes to its fruition, heaven will be a reality and there will be no "weeds" among the "wheat." But for now, both good and bad seeds mature in the world.
 
The enemy in the parable is Satan. In opposition to Jesus Christ, the devil tries to destroy Christ's work by placing false believers and
 
In addition, we are not to take it upon ourselves to uproot unbelievers because the difference between true and false believers isn't always obvious. Tares, especially in the early stages of growth, resemble wheat. Likewise, a false believer may resemble a true believer. In Matthew 7:22, Jesus warned that many profess faith but do not know Him. Thus, each person should examine his own relationship with Christ 2 Corinthians 13:5.  First John is an excellent test of salvation.
 
Jesus Christ will one day establish true righteousness. After He raptures the true church out of this world, God will pour out His righteous wrath on the world. During that tribulation, He will draw others to saving faith in Jesus Christ. At the end of the tribulation, all unbelievers will be judged for their sin and unbelief; then, they will be removed from God's presence. True followers of Christ will reign with Him. What a glorious hope for the "wheat"!
 
This parable also presents the various challenges of missions and evangelism.  What if the field represented all of planet earth?  The wheat represents the Gospel Plan of Salvation?  The farmer represents the Heavenly Father?  The field hands, reapers and angels represent missionaries, Gospel preachers and Pastors?
 
The Word of God is planted throughout the earth.  However, one must not be so naive to think the devil, the enemy, is going to leave this alone.  The lethal and toxic tares represents discouragement and distractions in the live of the new believers.  An effort on the part of the enemy to sidetrack the new convert from growing in the things of Christ an becoming a great missionary/evangelist for the cause of Christ.
 
At first the wheat and tares must be left alone.  At first the young tares look exactly like young wheat.  To attempt to uproot the lethal and toxic tares at this stage would only destroy the wheat.  But just like the people the devil uses to destroy the new converts in Christ, the day will come when the tares will be uprooted.  And cast into the fire.  So let everything grow for now, but there is coming a harvest when all will separated and dispersed to it's proper place. 
 



MATTHEW 13:31


[31] Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is like to a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and sowed in his field:
PARABLE: A parable is a placing beside; a comparison;,  a similitude. In the Old Testament this is used to denote
 
Ordinarily, in a more restricted sense, a comparison of earthly with heavenly things, "an earthly story with a heavenly meaning," as in the parables of our Lord.
 
Instruction by parables has been in use from the earliest times. A large portion of our Lord's public teaching consisted of parables. He himself explains his reasons for this in his answer to the inquiry of the disciples, "Why speakest thou to them in parables?" Matthew 13:13-15; Mark 4:11-12 & Luke 8:9-10.  He followed in so doing the rule of the divine procedures, as recorded in Matthew 13:13.  
The parables uttered by our Lord are all recorded in the synoptical Gospels. The fourth Gospel contains no parable properly so called, although the illustration of the good shepherd John 10:1-16 has all the essential features of a parable.
 
In these parables Jesus is speaking of the seed being the Word or the proclaimed Word of God.  In the parable presented here in Matthew 13:24, a preacher proclaims the Salvation message of the Word of God.  There are those who hear this Word and not only become saved born again believers, but also become dynamic servants of Jesus Christ.  As we are now about to see, the devil is not going to leave this alone.




MATTHEW 13:32


[32] Which indeed is the least of all seeds: but when it is grown, it is the greatest among herbs, and becometh a tree, so that the birds of the air come and lodge in the branches thereof.
The explosive world-wide growth of the Church from humble-small beginnings.
 



MATTHEW 13:33


[33] Another parable spake he unto them; The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened.
PARABLE: A parable is a placing beside; a comparison;,  a similitude. In the Old Testament this is used to denote
 
Ordinarily, in a more restricted sense, a comparison of earthly with heavenly things, "an earthly story with a heavenly meaning," as in the parables of our Lord.
 
Instruction by parables has been in use from the earliest times. A large portion of our Lord's public teaching consisted of parables. He himself explains his reasons for this in his answer to the inquiry of the disciples, "Why speakest thou to them in parables?" Matthew 13:13-15; Mark 4:11-12 & Luke 8:9-10.  He followed in so doing the rule of the divine procedures, as recorded in Matthew 13:13.  

The parables uttered by our Lord are all recorded in the synoptical Gospels. The fourth Gospel contains no parable properly so called, although the illustration of the good shepherd John 10:1-16 has all the essential features of a parable.
 
LEAVEN: According to Exodus 12:15-19 & Leviticus 2:11, leaven is  the remnant of dough from the preceding baking which had fermented and become acid.
The use of leaven was strictly forbidden in all offerings made to the Lord by fire Leviticus 2:11; 7:12; 8:2 & Numbers 6:15. It is secretly penetrating and diffusive power is referred to in I Corinthians 5:6.  In this respect it is used to illustrate the growth of the kingdom of heaven both in the individual heart and in the world Matthew 13:33. It is a figure also of corruptness and of perverseness of heart and life Matthew 16:6-11; Mark 8:15 & I Corinthians 5:7-8.  .
 
THREE MEASURES of MEAL: About two gallons of flour which should feed about a hundred or so people.
 
The woman in the Parable of the Leaven is interesting because in all the other parables a man is the main character. What is "a woman" in Scripture?
In Revelation 12, a woman is symbolic of the nation of Israel, and in Revelation 17 and 18 she represents the false system of Babylon. In Isaiah 47, a woman is again symbolic of Babylon whether the nation or the system of Babylon In Galations 4:21-31, Paul uses "women" to symbolize the Old Covenant and the New Covenant. In Ezekiel 16, God uses a woman to symbolize Israel: "Aholah" is the kingdom of Israel and "Aholibah" is the kingdom of Judah.

What can we understand from this? Every time a woman is used as a symbol, the common denominator is the idea of a system of beliefs and practices that influence other people. A church or religion is a system of beliefs and practices. A nation has a character and way of doing things This world as a whole has a system of beliefs and practices that go contrary to God. To find out what kind of system is being referred to, we must look at the context to see how the system works, how it reacts, and what it does.

What are the characteristics of this woman in the parable? First, she took leaven. This is the common word used to mean "to come into possession of." It is a common Greek word, but it can also have the connotation of "to seize," "to take by force." The text does not say which connotation is correct here.

The next verb is "hid" (Greek, enkrupto), an interesting word. It means "to hide in" or "to mix." Enkrupto is used only this way here. Enkrupto is the same word from which we get our word "encrypt." A general tells his lieutenant, "Encrypt this message and take it to the colonel at the front line." What does the lieutenant do when he encrypts it? He mixes up the letters according to a code, and only a person with the key to the encryption knows what the message is saying.
The root word for enkrupto is krupto, which means "to cover, to conceal, to keep secret." Its major connotation is "to be sneaky" or "to be secret, covert, or surreptitious." It seems from the usage of these words that this woman is up to no good whatsoever. First, she takes something, then she hides it. She is a bad lady, a bad system.
She hides the leaven "in three measures of meal." That Jesus uses the very phrase "three measures of meal" is quite interesting—and it is a key, because this told His Jewish audience something that He did not have to explain, as they were familiar with it. It was a normal practice and meant something to them.

It has been suggested that He used this amount because it is the average quantity of meal a housewife would employ in her daily baking. This suggestion is pretty ridiculous when we consider that three measures of meal equal about two gallons of meal.  That seems like a lot of bread each day.

An average loaf of bread contains about three cups of flour. Two gallons of meal, which is the equivalent of about eight quarts or thirty-two cups, would make nearly eleven loaves! Even the most bread-gorging family on this earth would not eat eleven loaves each day. Normally, one loaf would suffice for one person for a day, if he ate nothing else. Jesus, then, is probably speaking of a special occasion.

Genesis 18 contains the first biblical usage of "three measures of meal." This is the occasion when the One who became Jesus Christt and two angels came to Abraham, and he made them a meal. Jesus tells him in verse 5, "Go ahead and make a meal." "So Abraham hastened into the tent to Sarah and said, 'Quickly, make ready three measures of fine meal'" Genesis 18:6. 

What was "three measures of meal"? There is a principle of Bible study  the law of first mention that says, "The first time a thing. A word, a phrase is mentioned in the Bible influences how it should be interpreted throughout." Here, "three measures of meal" is used in the context of a fellowship meal giving hospitality, in this case, to God so it has a spiritual connotation.

The law of grain offerings in Numbers 15:8-9 provides some instruction. We need to learn a little bit about Israelite dry measures. The smallest unit of measure is an omer. Three omers equal one about one seah. This seah is what is translated "measure" in Matthew 13:33,  except it is in Greek saton. There is also the ephah, which is ten omers. Three seahs made up of about three omers equal one ephah. These verses show that the smallest meal offering that could be given was one seah, one-third of an ephah. It had to be of fine flour. Abraham gave three seahs, three measures. He went above and beyond what was required for the meal offering.
 
Judges 6:18-19 shows Gideon's offering to the Lord. How much did he give? Gideon gave an ephah, three measures of meal. I Samuel 1:24 tells of Hannah's thank offering. How much? Hannah's offering was one ephah, three measures of meal. In Ezekiel 45:24 & 46:5-11 and 46:5, 7, 11 are the offerings given at the Feast during the Millennium. How much is given? An ephah, three measures of meal, is given.

With these examples in mind, we can understand that Christ's use of this phrase would have made His Jewish audience think immediately of the meal offering in Leviticus 2, and they would have been absolutely shocked out of their shoes to find that someone had the audacity, the blasphemy, to put leaven in a meal offering! That was not kosher! It simply was not done! A person who did so could expect to be zapped by the next lightning bolt out of heaven. It was sin. What, then, would the normal Jew have thought? He would have understood immediately that the Kingdom of Heaven would be subverted. Something good had been corrupted.

"Three measures of meal," the meal offering, represents the givers service and devotion to fellow man, and it is typified by what Christ did throughout His whole life by offering Himself in service to fellow man. Symbolically, it represents the second great commandment, "You shall love your neighbor as yourself." It is devoted service toward others.

If "three measures of meal" represents our love, service, and devotion to fellowman, this parable warns us that the false system will make a concerted and covert effort to corrupt the true Church through false doctrine aimed at how we treat each other. It will lunge directly at the church's jugular how we treat one another.

The "three measures of meal" represents the church's teachings. This squares with our understanding of what Christ is. He is the Word, and one of His titles is "the Bread of life." The church's teachings come from the Word of God, which is our daily bread. Fine meal is the major component of bread. Satan would try to corrupt the word, the teaching, so that church members would not treat each other well, offend one another, and maybe some would lose their salvation.

And the woman succeeds! Jesus says, ". . . till it was all leavened!" Sobering, is it not?

The church has been fairly successful in guarding the major doctrines that have to do with its identity: the Sabbath the nature of God, the identity of Israel,   the holy days, God's plan. Where has the church shown its greatest weakness? In the area of personal relationships. What do we hear about among and within the congregations? Distrust, offense, marriage problems, disunity, selfishness, gossip, rumor, tale-bearing, judging and condemning, comparing ourselves among ourselves, giving place to wrath, etc. These are the works of the flesh they reflect how we treat one another. All of these are part of the meal offering our service and devotion to each other. In these areas we need to focus our greatest attention, overcoming how we treat each other, growing in our devotion and service. We must get along with one another as God intends, or we might not be around to enter His Kingdom.
 
 


MATTHEW 13:34


[34] All these things spake Jesus unto the multitude in parables; and without a parable spake he not unto them:

Should this remark apply only Christ's popular preaching generally, then the parables reported, such as the healing narratives, are only a small selection from the large number of teachings of Christ parabolic wisdom. For Jesus, parables were a regular practice not an occasional teaching practice. 




MATTHEW 13:35


[35] That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter things which have been kept secret from the foundation of the world.
Psalms 78:2...I will open my mouth in a parable: I will utter dark sayings of old:
 



MATTHEW 13:36


[36] Then Jesus sent the multitude away, and went into the house: and his disciples came unto him, saying, Declare unto us the parable of the tares of the field.
Please refer back to Matthew 13:30.
 



MATTHEW 13:37


[37] He answered and said unto them, He that soweth the good seed is the Son of man;
SON OF MAN: Jesus is referred to as the "Son of Man" eighty eight times in the New Testament. Son of man was Jesus' favorite way of referring to Himself.  A first meaning of the phrase "Son of Man" is as a reference to the prophecy of Daniel 7:13-14, "In my vision at night I looked, and there before me was one like a son of man, coming with the clouds of heaven. He approached the Ancient of Days and was led into his presence. He was given authority, glory and sovereign power; all peoples, nations and men of every language worshiped him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion that will not pass away, and his kingdom is one that will never be destroyed." The description "Son of Man" was a Messianic title. Jesus is the One who was given dominion and glory and a kingdom. When Jesus used this phrase, He was assigning the Son of Man prophecy to Himself. The Jews of that era would have been intimately familiar with the phrase and to whom it referred. Jesus was proclaiming Himself as the Messiah.
 
A second meaning of the phrase "Son of Man" is that Jesus was truly a human being. God called the prophet Ezekiel "son of man" 93 times. God was simply calling Ezekiel a human being. A son of a man is a man. Jesus was fully God John 1:1, but He was also a human being John 1:14. First John 4:2 tells us, "This is how you can recognize the Spirit of God: Every spirit that acknowledges that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God." Yes, Jesus was the Son of God He was in His essence God. Yes, Jesus was also the Son of Man He was in His essence a human being. In summary, the phrase "Son of Man" indicates that Jesus is the Messiah and that He is truly a human being.
 



MATTHEW 13:38


[38] The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one;
In this scenario, the seed, the Bible, is being spread to the entire world with many new and exciting converts.  However, the devil will always have his workers there to try to ruin the effect this new seed is having on the new convert. 
 
Please refer to my notes in Matthew 13:30.
 
Matthew 10:36...And a man's foes shall be they of his own household.




MATTHEW 13:39


[39] The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels.
The enemy of our eternal souls is the devil.  And when a new convert comes to Christ, the devil just now lost that new convert's soul to Jesus and to eternity in Heaven instead of in hell with the devil. 
 
We see in Matthew 24:14 & Mark 13:10  that at the end of the Church Age, there is gong to be a global push to get the Plan of Salvation to as many people as possible around the world.  Here Jesus calls them reapers and angels.  These are pastors, preachers, missionaries and evangelist.
 
And the devil will do all that is in his diabolical power to stop this great harvest of souls.
 
Matthew 24:14...And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come.
 
Mark 13:10...And the gospel must first be published among all nations.
 
Luke 21:33...Heaven and earth shall pass away: but my words shall not pass away.
 



MATTHEW 13:40


[40] As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world.
There is yet another possibility on the interpretation of the wheat and tares.  Imagine the field being the Church of Jesus Christ.  The wheat are the truly saved born again believers.  The tares are unsaved Church members planted by the devil strictly for the cause of inner disruption.
 
Notice the words of Jesus in Matthew 7:21-23...
 
Matthew 7:21-23...Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven.
[22] Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works? [23] And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.
 
The warning of Jesus is that on the day when the unbelievers are judged, Revelation 20:11-15, There will be numerous Church members and Church officers and Church workers, who will find themselves about to thrown into the lake of fire.  According to Jesus they will be found perplexed by the entire experience.  And they will begin to plead their case before the thrown of God.  However, their only argument will be works.  Not the blood bought salvation of Jesus Christ.




MATTHEW 13:41


[41] The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity;
 
Son of man was Jesus favorite way of referring to Himself.  In continuing the scenario begun in verse 40, here Jesus is saying that He will use the angels, which could be angels, pastors, evangelist or missionaries, and through their preaching, they will expose all among the true born again believers the tares or those who hinder the work of the ministry.
 



MATTHEW 13:42


[42] And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.
The English word gnash/gnashing, has to do with a loud lament through clinched teeth.
 
 



MATTHEW 13:43


[43] Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.
Do not forget we are in examination of the Parable of the Wheat and Tares.  The idea of this verse is that the Tares represent spiritual darkness and adversity.  The Wheat represents the sunshine.  The idea is, that when the dark clouds of the Tares are taken away, then the Sunshine of the Wheat will be able to shine forth.
 
It is important to Jesus that we understand this.  In that he tells us, once again, that you have ears, or a mind, that wants to grasp this, not only is that a good thing, but a very necessary thing.





MATTHEW 13:44


[44] Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto treasure hid in a field; the which when a man hath found, he hideth, and for joy thereof goeth and selleth all that he hath, and buyeth that field.
 
The main character in this parable is God the Father.  The treasure is the created populace of humanity.  The field is the world.  God the Father sees his created humanity as a precious treasure.  A precious treasure hidden in the world.  God the Father does not want anyone to die without Him and spend eternity in hell.  But He wants all of humanity to be with Him in Heaven.  Therefore, to make this happen, God the Father gave up the very best that He has.  That being His only Son Jesus Christ to purchase the way for man to God to Heaven. 
 
John 3:15-18...That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life.[16] For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. [17] For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. [18] He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
 
I Timothy 2:4...Who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the truth.
 
Titus 2:14...Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
 
Titus 3:5...Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;
 
II Peter 3:9...The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.





MATTHEW 13:45


[45] Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a merchant man, seeking goodly pearls:
 
In this case, Jesus is the merchant and the pearls are mankind.  The goodly pearls are the ones who will ultimately believe on Christ and be saved.  Jesus came to this earth seeking and saving that which was lost.  But just because a person decides on hell, that does not mean Jesus stops loving them or that He would have liked for that person to be saved. 





MATTHEW 13:46


[46] Who, when he had found one pearl of great price, went and sold all that he had, and bought it.
 
Here we have the end result of Jesus' search.  Jesus gave the best that He had for our sins.  He gave His own life's blood for our redemption.  God the Father gave the very best that He had. His one and only Son in payment for out sins.






MATTHEW 13:47


[47] Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a net, that was cast into the sea, and gathered of every kind:
 
And now Jesus wants to discuss the scope of redemption.  That being, the fisherman throws his net into the water.  When he pulls his net out, you find numerous species of fish in the net.  Not just one certain kind, but numerous species.  Which is Jesus' way of telling us, that being born again unto eternal salvation is for whomsoever.  Who ever will bow the knee and the heart to Jesus for His salvation. 
 
John 3:15-18...That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. [16] For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. [17] For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. [18] He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
 
John 7:37-38...In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink. [38] He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water





MATTHEW 13:48


[48] Which, when it was full, they drew to shore, and sat down, and gathered the good into vessels, but cast the bad away.
 
This is a pictorial of the end times and the judgement of the saints and the judgement of the sinners. Those who are saved born again believers will be considered the good and secured in to vessels or into the eternal Heaven.  Those who have chosen to reject the eternal Salvation of Jesus Christ will be considered bad and cast aware into eternal hell. 
 
Matthew 25:31-46...When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory: [32] And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats: [33] And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left. [34] Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world: [35] For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in: [36] Naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye came unto me. [37] Then shall the righteous answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, and fed thee? or thirsty, and gave thee drink? [38] When saw we thee a stranger, and took thee in? or naked, and clothed thee? [39] Or when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and came unto thee? [40] And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me. [41] Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels: [42] For I was an hungred, and ye gave me no meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me no drink: [43] I was a stranger, and ye took me not in: naked, and ye clothed me not: sick, and in prison, and ye visited me not. [44] Then shall they also answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, or athirst, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister unto thee? [45] Then shall he answer them, saying, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye did it not to one of the least of these, ye did it not to me. [46] And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal.





MATTHEW 13:49


[49] So shall it be at the end of the world: the angels shall come forth, and sever the wicked from among the just,
 
Both the wicked and the just will coexist on this earth until the end of the age or until the end of the Church Age.  First, will be the rapture of the Church and then some time later will be the Great White Throne of Judgment for the unsaved.  The time will come when the Just and the Unjust will be separated.





MATTHEW 13:50


[50] And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.
 
Here Jesus is speaking of an event at the end of the Book of Revelation called THE GREAT WHITE THRONE of JUDGMENT.
 
This is the event whereby the unsaved are judged.  Not to determine if they are saved or lost.  Not to determine is their good works outweigh their bad.  The fact that they are at this judgment means it has already been determined they will spend eternity in hell.  This judgment has been called the worst day in the life of all humanity.  This will be the most horrible moment in the history of all humanity. 
 
Revelation 20:1-15...And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. [2] And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, [3] And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.
[4] And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years. [5] But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. [6] Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.  [7] And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison, [8] And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle: the number of whom is as the sand of the sea. [9] And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city: and fire came down from God out of heaven, and devoured them. [10] And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever. [11] And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them. [12] And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works. [13] And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works. [14] And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. [15] And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.





MATTHEW 13:51


[51] Jesus saith unto them, Have ye understood all these things? They say unto him, Yea, Lord.
 
Jesus is not asking them about their human logic or human reasoning.  This is not a matter of understanding with the intellect.  Human reasoning and intellect will not take a person to Heaven nor keep them from the judgment of Revelation 20. 
 
Jesus is speaking of an understanding of the heart, the soul, the spirit.  Jesus is speaking of spiritual understanding.  The understanding that can mean the difference between Heaven and hell.





MATTHEW 13:52


[52] Then said he unto them, Therefore every scribe which is instructed unto the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which bringeth forth out of his treasure things new and old.
 
The scribes were those who were not only experts with the Scriptures themselves, but where also, due to there superior knowledge of the Scriptures, where quite proficient in teaching the Scriptures.  Jesus is saying that a well trained, well experienced and well qualified scribe, has within themselves a wealth of knowledge of the Scriptures.  Jesus called it a treasure.  Yet the scribes will not share their true knowledge of the true Scriptures.  Due to fear of a sudden retaliation by the religiosity.  The scribes felt it was better to stay silent and keep their position in the Synagogue, than to speak up the truth and suffer the loss. 
 
Jesus is now directing his disciples to within themselves to be scribes.  To not only be proficient with the Scriptures, but to also be careful to convey the truths within. 
 
Acts 6:1-4...And in those days, when the number of the disciples was multiplied, there arose a murmuring of the Grecians against the Hebrews, because their widows were neglected in the daily ministration. [2] Then the twelve called the multitude of the disciples unto them, and said, It is not reason that we should leave the word of God, and serve tables. [3] Wherefore, brethren, look ye out among you seven men of honest report, full of the Holy Ghost and wisdom, whom we may appoint over this business. [4] But we will give ourselves continually to prayer, and to the ministry of the word.





MATTHEW 13:53


[53] And it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished these parables, he departed thence.
 
Jesus understood the sensitivity of time.  You see here that when He had finished in this area what He came to do, He left immediately.  No procrastination, He left and moved on.  Jesus understands that when the clock ticks, that is a tick you can never get back.  When your heart beats, that is a beat you can never get back.  Jesus understood the importance of not only making each day count, but each moment of each day.  Be very jealous of your time.  When it's gone, you can never get it back. 
 
John 21:25...And there are also many other things which Jesus did, the which, if they should be written every one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that should be written. Amen.






MATTHEW 13:54


[54] And when he was come into his own country, he taught them in their synagogue, insomuch that they were astonished, and said, Whence hath this man this wisdom, and these mighty works?
 
Notice the phrasing of this verse.   ...he taught them in their synagogue...This would seem to imply that the rabbis did not and Jesus took it upon Himself the teach them. 
 
Geographically speaking, this account in the life of Jesus takes place in His boyhood home of Nazareth.  Jesus grew up overlooking the region which today we could call the valley of Armageddon. 
 
This gives us some idea of the boyhood of Jesus.  He was allowed to stand in the synagogue and read scriptures and teach.  This would mean that as a youth, Jesus went to special schools put on by the rabbis to pass on the teaching and the training of the Scriptures to young boys. This would insure that in the future there would be adult men to handle such matters in the synagogue. 
 
Upon hearing Jesus, those around Him were amazed that He had such a deep understanding of Scriptures and the philosophical wisdom therein. 






MATTHEW 13:55


[55] Is not this the carpenter's son? is not his mother called Mary? and his brethren, James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas?
 
In the Bible, a carpenter is not only an expert with word and construction, but also with stone and metal.  This would mean that Joseph, Jesus and Joseph's sons, were a family of talented young men. 
 
The logic of the town folks is that if Jesus comes from such a normal family, what gives Him the right to possess such a deep understanding of Scriptures and all the wisdom thereof?
 
The English word  "and"  appears 51,696 times in the Bible.  First, 40,975 in the Old Testament and then 10,721 in the New
Testament.





MATTHEW 13:56


[56] And his sisters, are they not all with us? Whence then hath this man all these things?
 
What was so astonishing to the religiosity of Jesus' day, is that the knowledge and wisdom which Jesus portrayed in His teaching, could only be that of a much older rabbi.  An elderly scholar of the Sacred Scriptures.  This teaching which Jesus did would be for a rabbi about thirty to fifty years older than Himself. 
 
We know from Biblical history that Jesus had four brothers.  That is Biblically confirmed.  The only thing that we know about sisters is, for example, here in Matthew 13:56, when sisters is mentioned, it is mentioned in the plural.  Biblical tradition sights that Mary and Joseph had three daughters. 





MATTHEW 13:57


[57] And they were offended in him. But Jesus said unto them, A prophet is not without honour, save in his own country, and in his own house.
 
Here Jesus is making a ministerial observation.  That being, a minister will find it hard to be of any significant success in his own home town.  The role of a minister is one of respect.  A town that has watched this minister grow up, remembers him in his unsaved high school years, remembers his past failures, will find it hard to elevate him to the level of respect required to revere him as their minister in their heart, mind and thinking.
 
A minister will stand a far better chance at success by gong to a region where he is not known at all.  There he will be more prone to have the respect required for the success for which he seeks.





MATTHEW 13:58


[58] And he did not many mighty works there because of their unbelief.
 
Jesus is amazed at their unbelief.  These are people with whom He grew up.  They remember each other as children.  Yet, it is as though they have never met each before.  This is why, due to the opposition, Jesus was very limited to what miracles He could do for people who really did need His ministry.
 
Mark 6:1-6...And he went out from thence, and came into his own country; and his disciples follow him.
[2] And when the sabbath day was come, he began to teach in the synagogue: and many hearing him were astonished, saying, From whence hath this man these things? and what wisdom is this which is given unto him, that even such mighty works are wrought by his hands? [3] Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are not his sisters here with us? And they were offended at him. [4] But Jesus said unto them, A prophet is not without honour, but in his own country, and among his own kin, and in his own house. [5] And he could there do no mighty work, save that he laid his hands upon a few sick folk, and healed them.
[6] And he marvelled because of their unbelief. And he went round about the villages, teaching.
 
Luke 4:16-32...And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read. [17] And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written, [18] The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, [19] To preach the acceptable year of the Lord. [20] And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him. [21] And he began to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears. [22] And all bare him witness, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth. And they said, Is not this Joseph's son? [23] And he said unto them, Ye will surely say unto me this proverb, Physician, heal thyself: whatsoever we have heard done in Capernaum, do also here in thy country. [24] And he said, Verily I say unto you, No prophet is accepted in his own country. [25] But I tell you of a truth, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elias, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, when great famine was throughout all the land; [26] But unto none of them was Elias sent, save unto Sarepta, a city of Sidon, unto a woman that was a widow. [27] And many lepers were in Israel in the time of Eliseus the prophet; and none of them was cleansed, saving Naaman the Syrian. [28] And all they in the synagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with wrath, [29] And rose up, and thrust him out of the city, and led him unto the brow of the hill whereon their city was built, that they might cast him down headlong. [30] But he passing through the midst of them went his way, [31] And came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath days. [32] And they were astonished at his doctrine: for his word was with power.