The Clear Word 

A Ministry Of Mid-State Ministries  

 

Christology

Lesson Five

 

In this part of our study on Christology, I would like to take a look at the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ - His Death.

In the days of the four Gospels, Crucifixion was a common practice of punishment of the Romans. It is not certain whether it was known among the ancient Jews; probably it was not. The practice of capital punishment according to the Mosaic law were, by the sword Exodus 21, strangling or fire Leviticus 20, or by stoning Deuteronomy 21.

This was regarded as the most horrible form of death, and to a Jew it would acquire greater horror from the curse in Deuteronomy 21:23. This punishment began by subjecting the sufferer to scourging. In the case of our Lord, however, His scourging was rather before the sentence was passed upon Him, and was inflicted by Pilate for the purpose, probably, of exciting pity and procuring his escape from further punishment Luke 23:22 & John 19:1.

The condemned one carried his own cross to the place of execution, which was outside the city, in some conspicuous place set apart for the purpose. Before the nailing to the cross took place, a medicated cup of vinegar mixed with gall and myrrh (the sopor) was given, for the purpose of deadening the pangs of the sufferer. Our Lord refused this cup, that his senses might be clear Matthew 27:34. The sponge of vinegar, sour wine, posca, the common drink of the Roman soldiers, which was put on a hyssop stalk and offered to our Lord in contemptuous pity Matthew 27:48 & Luke 23:36, He tasted to allay the agonies of his thirst John 19:29. The accounts given of the crucifixion of our Lord are in entire agreement with the customs and practices of the Roman in such cases. He was crucified between two "malefactors" Isaiah 53:12 & Luke 23:32, and was watched by a party of four soldiers  Matthew 27:36; 54 & John 19:23, with their centurion. The "breaking of the legs" of the malefactors was intended to hasten death, and put them out of misery John 19:31; but the unusual rapidity of our Lord's death 19:33 was due to his previous sufferings and His great mental anguish. The omission of the breaking of his legs was the fulfilment of a type Exodus 12:46. He literally died of a broken heart, a ruptured heart, and hence the flowing of blood and water from the wound made by the soldier's spear John 19:34. Our Lord uttered seven memorable words from the cross, namely:

(1) Luke 23:34; 
(2) 23:43; 
(3) John 19:26; 
(4) Matt. 27:46, Mark 15:34; 
(5) John 19:28; 
(6) 19:30; 
(7) Luke 23:46.

As part of the scourging process, Jesus had a Crown of thorns forced on His head in mockery by the Romans Matthew 27:29. The object of Pilate's guards in doing this was probably to insult, and not specially to inflict pain. There is nothing to show that the shrub thus used was, as has been supposed, the spina Christi, which could have been easily woven into a wreath. It was probably the thorny nabk which grew abundantly round about Jerusalem and whose flexible, pliant, and round branches could easily be platted into the form of a crown.
The crucifixion of Jesus Christ and His resurrection are the two most important events in human history. Why is this so? Because of Jesus' death, the human race has the opportunity for eternal salvation. All four of the New Testament Gospels talk of the crucifixion of Christ. These authors give us great details of the ancient Roman practice. Here are some main points in the crucifixion timeline:
· Jesus was arrested in the Garden of Gethsemane (Mark 14:43-52).
· Jesus endured six trials - three by Jewish leaders and three by the Romans John 18:12-14; Mark 14:53-65; Mark 15:1a; Mark 15:1b-5; Luke 23:6-12 & Mark 15:6-15. Jesus survived painful beating, whipping, and mocking Mark 15:16-20.
· Pilate tried to compromise with the religious leaders by having Jesus beaten, but this act didn't satisfy them. Pilate handed Jesus over to be crucified Mark 15:6-15.
· Jesus was mocked by the soldiers as they dressed Him in a purple robe and a crown of thorns John 19:1-3.
· Jesus was crucified on Golgotha, which means the Place of the Skull Mark 15:22.
· The sky turned dark for three hours Mark 15:33.
· Jesus cried, "Father! Into your hands I commit my spirit!" and He died Luke 23:46. 

Author Arthur W. Pitt describes it this way, "With bleeding back, carrying His cross under the heat of the now almost midday sun, He [Jesus] journeyed up the rugged heights of Golgotha. Reaching the appointed place of execution, His hands and feet were nailed to the tree. For three hours He hung there with the pitiless rays of the sun beating down [on] His thorn-crowned head. This was followed by the three hours of darkness, now over. That night and that day were hours into which an eternity was compressed." 

The Savior of the world had emerged from three hours of darkness, during which He was separated from God the Father. Why did the Father turned away from Him? It is against the character of God to face sin, so God withdrew Himself from communication with His Son while Jesus bore the guilt of the world's sin. 

Following the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, Joseph of Arimathea asked Pilate for the body of Jesus. Joseph was given permission to bury Jesus, so he brought fine linen, wrapped the body, laid Jesus in a tomb and rolled a large stone across the entrance. Jesus was in the grave for three days. After the Sabbath, Mary Magdalene, Mary (the mother of Jesus), and Salome prepared spices to anoint Jesus' body. When they arrived at the tomb, the stone had already been rolled away! They entered the tomb, where an angel said, "Don't be alarmed. . .You are looking for Jesus the Nazarene, who was crucified. He has risen! He is not here. See the place where they laid him. But go, tell his disciples and Peter, 'He is going ahead of you into Galilee. 

There you will see him, just as he told you'" Mark 16:6-7. 
 The Crucifixion of Jesus Christ was God’s eternal gift to all mankind. What does the crucifixion of Jesus Christ have to do with you? God, who knows what you're are made of, knew you could not live the sinless life necessary for heaven. So He decided to offer Himself in your place. He did that by becoming a man in the person of Jesus Christ, His own Son. Jesus lived a sinless life on earth.

God had said the punishment for sin is death. Since we all have sinned Romans 3:23 & 6:23. Man needed someone sinless to die in our place. Jesus, being sinless, died in our place and became the saving grace of the world. He died for you! Romans 5:10 says, "For if, when we were God's enemies, we were reconciled to him through the death of his Son, how much more, having been reconciled, shall we be saved through his life!"

 
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